After News Corp. Splits, Who's Going to Subsidize The New York Post's Massive Losses?

Make no mistake, Rupert Murdoch's decision to split his News Corp. media empire into two separate entities is being viewed as an attempt to protect his most lucrative assets from the seemingly never-ending fallout connected to the hacking scandal - focused primarily on Murdoch's British publishing titltes - that's been raging for nearly one year.

For years, founder and CEO Murdoch resisted the idea of splitting up News Corp. But this week, the board, with Murdoch's approval, okayed the deal.

By next year, two separate companies will house News Corp.'s sprawling media properties. One will operate as a newspaper, coupon, and book publishing firm, with newspapers published in Australia, Britain and the United States. The other will be an entertainment company made up of the Fox TV network, Fox News, and the 20th Century Fox movie studio.

Analysts cheered the move as a way to "quarantine" the “toxic element” within News Corp. Namely, “U.K. newspaper assets.”

The publishing division will be much smaller, valued at $5 billion, compared to $54 billion for the entertainment company. That's because News Corp's television and, to a lesser degree, movie divisions have long been the revenue engines that drive the company. Even though Murdoch began his career as a newspaper publisher and still sees himself as something of a print press baron, his newspaper business, in the grand scheme of things, is basically a non-starter.

In fact, many of his high-profile dailies lose money. But none has lost more than the right-wing New York Post, which has been impervious to profits since Murdoch re-purchased the daily in 1993. (He had previously owned it from 1976 to 1988.)

The paper's chronic losses have only escalated over time. The figures aren't made public, but the Post's annual estimated losses have been pegged at $30 million in 2005, $70 million in 2009, and most recently $110 million. That, according to analyst Brett Harriss.

In the past, News Corp.'s vast entertainment profits helped paper over the constant losses at the openly partisan Post, which serves as a key media megaphone for the GOP Noise Machine.

As BusinessWeek pointed out in 2005:

The Post has lost so much money for so long that it would have folded years ago if News Corp. applied the same profit-making rigor to the tabloid as it does to its other businesses.

It's ironic: Murdoch, the staunch advocate of the free marketplace and the media mogul who demands bottom line results, has been paying the bills for his money-losing daily forever. It's a failed tabloid that likely could not survive for more than six months on its own if it weren't owned by a generous billionaire eager to use the daily as a platform for conservative propaganda. (The Post's dailycirculation has dropped from 700,000 in 2006, to 408,000 this year.)

As the New York Times noted in 2009, the usual Murdoch business rules do not apply to the Post. Namely, it's never had to turn a profit. Or even come close.

But now the game is about to change, and with News Corp. being split into separate publishing and entertainment companies, those television and movie profits will no longer be able to subsidize the Post's eye-popping losses.

The question is, who will?