As of July 7, 2020, President Donald Trump has amplified tweets from accounts promoting the QAnon conspiracy theory at least 185 times via at least 114 individual accounts, some of them more than once. (Since the novel coronavirus pandemic began in the United States, he has amplified QAnon Twitter accounts at least 90 times via 49 individual accounts.) Additionally, members of Trump's family, his personal attorney, current and former campaign staffers, and even some current and former Trump administration officials have also repeatedly amplified QAnon supporters and their content.
QAnon has been tied to murder and militia groups, and the FBI flagged it as a potential terror threat
The QAnon conspiracy theory has been tied to acts of violence, used by anti-government groups, and was flagged as a potential domestic terror threat by the FBI. The QAnon conspiracy theory began in October 2017 on 4chan, a site connected to white nationalists, with an account called “Q” claiming that Trump was working with special counsel Robert Mueller to take down the president’s perceived enemies and the “deep state.” The conspiracy theory then moved to 8chan, another message board tied to white nationalists and mass shooters which recently went offline, and it has also spread elsewhere online among Trump supporters. [Vox, 8/1/18; Media Matters, 8/2/18]
The QAnon conspiracy theory has been tied to multiple violent incidents and threats of violence, including a man accused of murdering his brother with a sword, a man accused of murdering an alleged crime boss, a man who reportedly threatened to kill YouTube employees, an armed man who blocked the Hoover Dam with an armored vehicle, and even a man who threatened to assassinate Trump, among numerous other incidents. Additionally, its supporters even targeted a charter school and forced it to cancel an annual fundraiser, and another QAnon follower was arrested for reportedly plotting with other supporters to plan a kidnapping “raid.” The conspiracy theory has also become increasingly popular among border militias and anti-government groups. [The Daily Beast, 8/11/18, 9/27/18, 1/9/19, 1/4/20; BuzzFeed, 6/17/18; The New York Times, 7/21/19; The Daily Dot, 5/10/19; Southern Poverty Law Center, 4/23/19]
In May 2019, an FBI field office released a memo that listed QAnon as a potential domestic terrorism threat. [Yahoo News, 8/1/19]
Trump keeps amplifying QAnon supporters on Twitter and has met with multiple QAnon supporters
Trump keeps amplifying QAnon Twitter accounts. Since 2017, Trump has amplified Twitter accounts promoting the conspiracy theory at least 185 times.
From November 25, 2017:
Question: When will Trump retweet a Q-Anon account and promote a Q-Anon website?
Answer: Trick question. He already has.
— Travis View (@travis_view) August 1, 2018
From October 14, 2018:
On October 14, Trump quote tweeted @WyattEarpLA.
@WyattEarpLA has frequently endorsed QAnon. It has even referenced “Q Drops,” the cryptic posts made by the anonymous 8chan poster known as “Q.” People in the QAnon community baselessly believe that Q is somebody or a group of government insiders close to President Trump. [Contemptor, 11/28/18]
From November 28, 2018:
That account has previously promoted QAnon and the #WWG1WGA hashtag.
— Travis View (@travis_view) November 28, 2018
From March 17, 2019:
— Aaron Rupar (@atrupar) March 17, 2019
From March 20, 2019:
From a QAnon conspiracy theorist to actor James Woods to comedian Larry the Cable Guy to the leader of the free world. Thus travels information in the age of Twitter and President Trump, who took a late-night swing at a familiar punching bag — the Transportation Security Administration — via a nearly two-year-old video spread by a character on the far fringes of the Internet.
The video was reshared on Monday by a Twitter account called Deep State Exposed, which is operated by Jeremy Stone, a follower of the QAnon conspiracy theory. Stone’s twitter bio includes the phrase “WWG1WGA,” shorthand for “Where We Go One We Go All,” a rallying cry for the bizarre theory that ties together the Pizzagate conspiracy and a supposed “deep state” plot to control American politics. Stone soon added a follow-up tweet to the viral video claiming that “TSA goes out of their way to hire high school dropouts with an inclination for sexual perversion. It’s mind control!!!” [The Washington Post, 3/20/19]
From May 4, 2019:
Big day for the murderous death cult known as Qanon.
This is one of the biggest Q accounts.
Twitter could have done something about this, Reddit did.
But they refuse too and they won't, until a few more people get killed by these nutcases. pic.twitter.com/uEaQzYjgOS
— Josh Russell (@josh_emerson) May 4, 2019
From May 12, 2019:
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) May 12, 2019
On June 9, 2019, Trump retweeted Bill Mitchell, a conservative radio host who has boosted the conspiracy theory:
[Media Matters, 7/9/19]
From July 4, 2019:
It appears that Trump tonight retweeted another QAnon believer. pic.twitter.com/MopIpKodw3
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) July 5, 2019
From July 11 and July 12, 2019:
An account Trump quote tweeted last night had pushed QAnon, Pizzagate, & a debunked hoax known as “Frazzledrip” about Hillary Clinton & Huma Abedin mutilating a child. Trump since then has also retweeted two other QAnon accounts. pic.twitter.com/BOsGeueQWS
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) July 12, 2019
On July 12, 2019, Trump again retweeted Mitchell:
From July 14, 2019:
At least two of the accounts Trump retweeted this morning appear to be QAnon accounts. pic.twitter.com/rOTsjlW8zI
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) July 14, 2019
In a July 30, 2019, tweet, Trump tagged a QAnon supporter with the QAnon slogan in its profile. He also retweeted another QAnon account.
Trump also quote tweeted and retweeted another QAnon account this afternoon. pic.twitter.com/nJRxVeeocz
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) July 30, 2019
[Right Wing Watch, 7/30/19]
From August 13, 2019:
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) August 13, 2019
From August 15, 2019:
The account Trump just quote tweeted is not only a QAnon account, but the same QAnon account that played a crucial role in spreading a false claim about E. Jean Carroll in June that eventually reached Trump Jr. https://t.co/Wg7MVyv2ur pic.twitter.com/DdRJGsZI6J
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) August 15, 2019
On August 17, 2019, Trump retweeted four accounts that had pushed the conspiracy theory:
Trump tonight retweeted at least 4 QAnon accounts. pic.twitter.com/LYNwGFnaub
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) August 18, 2019
From September 9, 2019:
The account Trump quote tweeted this morning is not only a semi-big QAnon account, but was also quote tweeted by Trump's campaign manager, Brad Parscale, last month. pic.twitter.com/K2dDn0CcUC
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) September 9, 2019
From October 9, 2019:
This morning Trump retweeted a QAnon-promoting account that Q has linked to in two separate Q drops.
This comes four months after an FBI Intel Bulletin warned that fringe conspiracy theories like QAnon motivate some domestic extremists to engage in criminal or violent activity. pic.twitter.com/1mKVMEEXR2
— Travis View (@travis_view) October 9, 2019
On December 8, 2019, Trump retweeted Tracy Diaz, who, as NBC News reported in 2018, was one of the three main figures to initially popularize QAnon.
Last night, Trump retweeted one of the 3 main figures to popularize QAnon, according to @BrandyZadrozny & @oneunderscore__'s report last year. She also last year organized a QAnon march in Washington, D.C. https://t.co/8OxYK5i69I https://t.co/xoU0jEcrWM pic.twitter.com/CVczJuJz6G
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 9, 2019
From December 16, 2019:
Last night, Trump retweeted another major QAnon account. This account previously helped spread a meme originating from 8chan targeting multiple journalists and researchers. https://t.co/impGTdY0TF pic.twitter.com/GzmvoZLCMu
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 16, 2019
Trump just retweeted another QAnon account that has multiple QAnon hashtags in the tweet. pic.twitter.com/AEVVGx2SXM
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 16, 2019
From December 19, 2019:
Trump this morning has quote tweeted or retweeted at least 3 accounts that have pushed QAnon and the QAnon slogan. pic.twitter.com/zYvdmGsy5j
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 19, 2019
Trump not only retweeted a 4th QAnon account today, but it's a major QAnon account that is currently on the 15th version of its Twitter ban evasion (https://t.co/ZJPO1swUeV). pic.twitter.com/i2PPKuWryf
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 19, 2019
On December 27, 2019, Trump retweeted or quote-tweeted more than a dozen separate QAnon-promoting accounts, some of them more than once.
Trump this morning retweeted another QAnon account, with the tweet he retweeted including the QAnon slogan. pic.twitter.com/wdcHctkQmi
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 27, 2019
Thread: Trump last night amplified nearly 20 accounts supporting QAnon & that have pushed QAnon content (some of these include accounts retweeted or quote tweeted multiple times), easily the most I've seen in one day so far. Below are images showing this. pic.twitter.com/N1Sv27doEs
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 28, 2019
From December 28, 2019:
Trump tonight retweeted an account that not only has amplified QAnon content but also in the tweet encourages donations for far-right figure Laura Loomer's congressional campaign (she has also written a book about Loomer). https://t.co/yeFiv8m9hJ pic.twitter.com/LAdmKzIfFT
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 28, 2019
Trump also quote tweeted one more account last night that has pushed QAnon content. pic.twitter.com/Ab9SR96JX5
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) December 29, 2019
On New Year’s Eve 2019 and New Year’s Day 2020, Trump retweeted and quote-tweeted multiple times an account that has promoted QAnon.
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) January 1, 2020
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On May 31, Trump quote-tweeted a QAnon account that has affiliated itself with a far-right militia group.
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On July 4, Trump retweeted or quote-tweeted QAnon-promoting accounts 14 times.
On July 7:
Trump has hosted and supported multiple QAnon supporters. In August 2018, Trump met with Youtube and social media personality and QAnon supporter Michael Lebron in the Oval Office. In July, Trump hosted a White House social media summit, which featured conservative radio host Mitchell; singer Joy Villa, who wore “Q” earrings at the Conservative Political Action Conference in February; and Jim Hoft of The Gateway Pundit, which has criticized media outlets that tried to “mischaracterize and discredit” the conspiracy theory. Another booster of the conspiracy theory, cartoonist Ben Garrison, was originally invited to the summit, but his invitation was later rescinded. And in August, Trump endorsed QAnon supporter Curt Schilling’s potential run for Congress. [CNN, 8/25/18; Media Matters, 7/9/19, 8/13/19]
Multiple figures in Trump’s orbit have also amplified QAnon supporters
Trump’s attorney Rudy Giuliani
Nearly 5% of the Twitter accounts Giuliani follows have explicit QAnon references, and many more feature QAnon activity. According to an October 2019 Daily Beast report on Giuliani’s Twitter activity, “Nearly 5 percent of the accounts that Giuliani follows have explicit QAnon references permanently on their Twitter pages, either in the form of pinned tweets, Twitter names, bios, or header images. Many more of them frequently tweet and retweet QAnon messages from popular promoters of the conspiracy theory.” [The Daily Beast, 10/17/19]
Giuliani has amplified multiple QAnon accounts. Trump’s personal attorney Rudy Giuliani has repeatedly amplified Twitter accounts supporting QAnon. Although this list isn't exhaustive, it demonstrates the frequency with which Giuliani gives a platform to the conspiracy theory’s supporters.
From January 19, 2019:
From February 25, 2019:
From February 28, 2019:
On April 1, 2019, Giuliani quote-tweeted a fake Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) quote from a QAnon supporter.
From May 29 ,2019:
From August 23, 2019:
From September 2019:
Giuliani has also done an interview with Mitchell. As noted by The Daily Beast, “Earlier this month, Giuliani appeared on an internet TV radio show hosted by Bill Mitchell, a diehard Trump fan who has frequently promoted QAnon online. Asked ahead of the interview why he was going on the show, given Mitchell’s QAnon connection, Giuliani asked for proof that Mitchell supports QAnon. After The Daily Beast sent Giuliani one article proving Mitchell’s support for QAnon, the former prosecutor stopped responding to text messages.” [The Daily Beast, 10/17/19]
Trump administration staff
Dan Scavino shared a photo with a “Q” in it from a QAnon supporter. Dan Scavino, White House deputy chief of staff for communications, posted on his social media an image that had a “Q” on it. He appeared to take the image from a QAnon supporter who posted the image on his Facebook page, who wrote alongside it, “Trump 202Q We will prevail!” [Twitter, 3/25/20]
Trump campaign staff
Trump reelection campaign manager Brad Parscale has met with Mitchell and amplified multiple QAnon accounts. Trump’s reelection campaign manager, Brad Parscale, met with Mitchell at the White House and has quote-tweeted multiple QAnon accounts, two of which Trump has also quote-tweeted.
Trump's 2020 campaign manager @parscale met with QAnon promoter Bill Mitchell in the White House. Brad Pardcale also quote tweeted the QAnon account “The 'Dirty' Truth” yesterday.
In case you wondered if the Trump 2020 campaign will do anything to distance itself from QAnon. pic.twitter.com/WDEqTOXuFh
— Travis View (@travis_view) August 16, 2019
Parscale took photo with host from QAnon YouTube channel, who was given press credentials to Trump rally. Derik Vance, a host for a major YouTube channel called Patriots’ Soapbox, was given press credentials for Trump’s August campaign rally in Ohio. Vance took a photo with Parscale at the event, and he has featured the photo on his Twitter profile. He also talked about the rally on Patriots’ Soapbox.
The Trump campaign’s then-national press secretary Kayleigh McEnany said in response to a request about QAnon that she would “pass all of this along.” Kayleigh McEnany, the campaign’s then-national press secretary, interviewed a QAnon supporter at a Trump rally in February, where the supporter discussed the QAnon slogan and wished he could ask Trump “who is Q.” McEnany said she would “pass all of this along.” [Twitter, 2/24/20]
“Women for Trump” campaign group
A “Women for Trump” online video includes images of multiple QAnon signs. “Two signs promoting the QAnon conspiracy theory” are visible in a video of “Women for Trump,” a coalition group for Trump’s reelection campaign, according to The Daily Beast:
Two signs promoting the QAnon conspiracy theory are visible in a video from Donald Trump’s presidential campaign, marking the latest link between the president and followers of the fringe movement that the FBI recently described as a potential source of domestic terror.
The signs, which were first noticed by Vox reporter Aaron Rupar, appear in a close-up shot in a “Women for Trump” video posted by Trump’s campaign late in July. Around halfway into the video, the first sign appears, with Trump’s “Keep America Great” slogan and a “Q” taped onto it. Another shows “Q”’s replacing the O’s on a “Women for Trump” sign. [The Daily Beast, 8/7/19]
Women for Trump co-chair Stacey Dash is a QAnon supporter.
Another co-chair, Gina Loudon, originally planned to attend a QAnon-connected conference. Loudon was listed to attend in September the “Digital Soldiers Conference,” which has now been cancelled. The conference had a U.S. flag featuring a Q made of stars as its logo. QAnon supporters Villa and Mitchell were also listed as attendees, and another major QAnon account had claimed to be invited. The event’s coordinator was a QAnon supporter whom Loudon retweeted to note her planned attendance at the event. [women.donaldjtrump.com, accessed 7/23/19; Twitter, 8/13/19, 8/14/19, 8/21/19, accessed 8/19/19; Media Matters, 7/9/19; Mother Jones, 8/13/19]
Loudon has retweeted multiple QAnon accounts. Loudon has repeatedly amplified QAnon accounts, including Mitchell, who called her “my bestie.”
Former Trump national security adviser Michael Flynn
Flynn has taken a QAnon oath, signed books with a QAnon slogan, “liked” a QAnon tweet, and some members of his family have endorsed QAnon and gone on QAnon shows. Michael Flynn, Trump’s former national security adviser, has signed copies of his memoir and sent a letter to a QAnon supporter with “WWG1WGA,” and the only tweet he’s “liked” between 2019 and mid-2020 is from a QAnon account. On July 4, Flynn posted a video of himself saying an oath that “Q” had posted in June that includes the QAnon slogan; he had previously put the hashtag for the oath, #TakeTheOath, in his profile. Flynn’s sister and brother have also signaled support for QAnon, with both tweeting the QAnon slogan and appearing on multiple QAnon YouTube shows, including Patriots’ Soapbox. [The Daily Beast, 3/18/19; Twitter, 11/23/18, 4/23/19, 5/21/19, 9/19/19, 9/19/19, 10/4/19, 11/23/19, 6/27/20, 7/5/20]
Flynn initially planned to attend a QAnon-connected conference. Flynn planned to attend the “Digital Soldiers Conference” but later backed out. [Mother Jones, 8/17/19]
Flynn’s attorney has retweeted QAnon accounts, tweeted QAnon language, and appeared on QAnon YouTube shows. Flynn’s attorney, Sidney Powell, has repeatedly retweeted major QAnon accounts and has tweeted “#TheStormIsComing” and “#TheStorm,” phrases regularly used by QAnon supporters. She has also appeared on at least two QAnon YouTube channels, including Patriots’ Soapbox, where she was asked about “Q” and a “Q” post, responding that if “Q” was correct, then “Mueller should be fired.” [YouTube, Patriots’ Soapbox, 2/18/19; Twitter, 6/12/19, 11/20/19; Mother Jones, 8/16/19]
Last night, Michael Flynn's attorney Sidney Powell appeared on a QAnon YouTube show, where she praised the host's support as “huge & extremely helpful,” & the host said a major QAnon account -- Blue Sky Q (https://t.co/A120cHDCy0) -- was one of his “staff members” & “researchers” pic.twitter.com/o2AsbqO5E7
— Alex Kaplan (@AlKapDC) November 20, 2019
Former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser George Papadopoulos
Papadopoulos has tweeted QAnon language and was listed as attending a QAnon-connected conference. Former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser George Papadouplous tweeted in February, “Trust the plan,” a phrase regularly used by QAnon supporters. He was also listed as speaking at the now-cancelled “Digital Soldiers Conference.” [Mother Jones, 8/13/19; Twitter, 8/13/19]
Trump Jr. has shared content from multiple QAnon accounts. Donald Trump Jr. in June pushed a false claim about columnist E. Jean Carroll with a video that originally came from a QAnon account. In March, Trump Jr. shared the same video from the account Deep State Exposed that his father did. And in November, Trump Jr. pushed a dubious claim from a QAnon account smearing Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman, a key witness in the House impeachment inquiry. [Media Matters, 6/26/19; Twitter, 3/20/19, 11/7/19]
Trump Jr. follows and has shared content from a major QAnon account. Trump Jr. follows and has shared content from Dylan Wheeler, a major QAnon account who goes by “Educating Liberals” on social media. Wheeler has given a speech at Trump’s Washington, D.C., hotel, used his social media presence to aid another QAnon account’s harassment campaign, and promoted a QAnon rally in Washington, D.C., in September. [Twitter, 1/2/19, 3/25/19, 5/23/19, accessed 8/2/19; Right Wing Watch, 4/15/19; Media Matters, 9/12/19]
Senior adviser Lara Trump tweeted a video from a major QAnon account. On February 21, presidential daughter-in-law Lara Trump tweeted a YouTube video from “JoeM,” one of the biggest QAnon accounts on the internet and who has been tied to incidents of extremism, bigotry, and harassment. [Media Matters, 2/21/20]
Trump family has promoted and interviewed with The Epoch Times, which is connected to multiple QAnon supporters. Multiple members of the Trump family have shared content from or been interviewed by The Epoch Times, an outlet based in New York that, according to NBC News, has “embrace[d]” QAnon. A YouTube channel affiliated with The Epoch Times regularly promotes QAnon, and one of the Times’ past contributors has hosted a show on Patriots’ Soapbox. Presidential daughter-in-law Lara Trump has given the outlet an interview and Trump Jr. has tweeted its content multiple times. Trump’s Facebook page has also shared multiple pieces of content from it. [NBC News, 8/20/19; Twitter, 8/20/19, 9/11/19, 11/25/19]
Former Trump campaign photographer Gene Ho
Ho spoke at QAnon rally in Washington, D.C. Gene Ho, Trump’s 2016 campaign photographer, spoke at a Washington, D.C., rally for QAnon supporters on September 11. In his speech, Ho said: “This whole thing of what we’re doing is all about blood. Q says constantly, ‘You check the bloodlines.’ We know they’ve been misusing blood with their adrenochrome and all this stuff. But ultimately, ultimately what this is about, it’s about blood and it’s about blood from our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.” [Right Wing Watch, 9/12/19]
Trump rally speaker Brandon Straka
Straka said the QAnon slogan at an Ohio Trump rally. Brandon Straka, head of the anti-Democratic Party “Walk Away” group and a speaker at Trump’s August 1 rally in Ohio, said the QAnon slogan, “Where we go one, we go all,” during the speech. From an August 2 Talking Points Memo article:
After reciting the QAnon rallying cry onstage at a Thursday evening Trump rally in Cincinnati, self-described “former liberal” Brandon Straka told TPM Friday that he does not support Q and denied that he was referencing the QAnon conspiracy theory.
“I was not making any references to QAnon whatsoever or subtly hinting to that, and obviously I’m disappointed that the media has chosen to focus on this,” Straka told TPM.
Straka, a gay Manhattan hairdresser and aspiring actor who leads a group called Walk Away that aims to lead minorities away from the Democratic Party, denied any relationship with QAnon.
Straka had told the crowd on Thursday that Trump “is not a president who panders to minorities because he needs them,” rather, he “serves minorities because he loves them. And he loves this country. We are all in this together.”
Straka concluded: “Where we go one, we go all.” [Talking Points Memo, 8/2/19]
Foreign governments have reportedly used QAnon for their disinformation campaigns
The Russian and Chinese governments have reportedly used QAnon for their disinformation efforts. In 2017, the Internet Research Agency, which is connected to the Russian government, pushed QAnon on Twitter as part of their efforts to sow discord in the United States. On August 19, Twitter announced that it had found multiple accounts connected to the Chinese government being used for information warfare, and one of those reported accounts pretended to be American and pushed QAnon. [BuzzFeed News, 8/15/18; The New York Times, 8/19/19; Twitter, 8/19/19]
Updates (1/2/20, 2/11/20, 3/24/20, 5/11/20, and 7/7/20): This piece has been updated with additional information.