Jeanine Pirro | Media Matters for America

Jeanine Pirro

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  • GOP payments, Trump venues, conflicts of interest: Fox figures’ speeches have been an ethical disaster

    Blog ››› ››› ERIC HANANOKI

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    Click here to access a PDF version of this report.

    For years, Fox employees have spoken at events for conservative groups and Republican Party organizations, using their cable news celebrity to help those organizations raise money and gain publicity.

    According to a new Media Matters analysis, Fox figures have taken more than $500,000 from Republican Party groups to speak at events. They have interviewed Republicans officials shortly after co-headlining events with them. And they have financially helped President Donald Trump by keynoting speeches on Trump properties.

    Here are five takeaways from an examination of speeches by Fox figures over the years:

    • Fox hosts Tucker Carlson, Lou Dobbs, Greg Gutfeld, Sean Hannity, Pete Hegseth, Laura Ingraham, and Jeanine Pirro have received over $500,000 combined in speaking fees from Republican groups while working at the network.
    • Members of Fox's purported "news" division, such as anchor Shannon Bream and Fox News Senior Vice President of business news Neil Cavuto, have also headlined conservative events, including alongside Republican officials. In one instance, Bream spoke at a conference that also featured then-Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke (whom she later interviewed on her program).
    • Fox News employees have spoken at events that have financially benefited President Donald Trump. For instance, Chris Stirewalt -- a member of Fox’s “news” division -- spoke at an event for the petroleum industry at Trump International Hotel Washington, D.C. And Jeanine Pirro has done events in which the proceeds went to Trump’s Mar-a-Lago Club in Florida.
    • Republican groups paying Fox News hosts has unsurprisingly created numerous conflicts of interest. For instance, Pete Hegseth repeatedly interviewed then-Senate candidate John James after headling a fundraiser with the Michigan Republican; and Pirro interviewed Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) the day after appearing with him at a fundraiser.
    • Three Fox News hosts -- Brian Kilmeade, Pete Hegseth, and Shannon Bream -- have cancelled speeches at conservative events this year following Media Matters reporting.

    (Media Matters obtained speaking fees through searches of various government campaign finance databases. The fees were either paid to the Fox figures or to their speaking bureaus.) 

    Here are more than 50 notable examples of Fox News speeches since 2007: 


    November 1, 2007. Sean Hannity speaks at a fundraising event for the Alachua County Republican Party in Florida, reportedly receiving $75,000. The GOP group’s website stated at the time that Hannity would “broadcast the Sean Hannity half of Hannity and Colmes via satellite from the Ronald Reagan Black Tie and Blue Jeans BBQ. We had lobbied the powers that be that control such thing because it will greatly de-compress the day and the event. They informed us a few days ago that we got our wish. After the reception and during the main event, the reception hall at Canterbury Equestrian Showplace will get turned in to a mini TV studio. The[re] will be no audience in the reception hall, during Hannity and Colmes. … We will be broadcasting Hannity and Colmes on our big screens in the arena.”

    August 2, 2008. Fox News Washington Managing Editor Bill Sammon says in a speech aboard a cruise for Hillsdale College that he lied repeatedly during the closing days of the 2008 presidential campaign when he speculated on-air "about whether Barack Obama really advocated socialism." The remarks were unearthed by Media Matters three years later and caused major embarrassment for the network.

    April 15, 2009. Fox News hosts Neil Cavuto, Greta Van Susteren, Glenn Beck, and Sean Hannity attend tea party rallies across the country, with the network labeling them “FNC Tax Day Tea Parties.” Beck and Van Susteren are no longer with the network, but Cavuto, in addition to hosting programs on Fox News and Fox Business, “oversees business news content for both networks” as its senior vice president and managing editor of business news.  

    March 23, 2010. Hannity keynotes a fundraising dinner for the National Republican Congressional Committee. The GOP group stated that it “raised over $7 million” for the annual event.

    April 15, 2010. Hannity plans to broadcast his Fox News program from a Tea Party rally in Cincinnati but Fox News executives force him to abandon his plans. The Cincinnati Enquirer first reported on the event, and Media Matters added additional reporting and criticism before Hannity’s appearance was cancelled. Though Fox News executives were reportedly angry with Hannity, the Times later reported, “While there have been post-mortem discussions about the incident, it does not appear that they have resulted in any serious disciplinary measures taken against any staffers involved.”

    September 25, 2010. Tucker Carlson -- then a Fox News contributor -- reportedly speaks at an event hosted by the Moore County Republican Party in North Carolina, receiving $10,000.

    March 29, 2011. Carlson speaks at a fundraising event for the Lane County Republican Party in Oregon, receiving $23,500.

    May 25, 2011. Then-Fox News contributor Dick Morris speaks a fundraising event for the Oakland County Republican Party in Michigan. He would later treat GOP donors to a tour of Fox News and tapings of Lou Dobbs Tonight and Hannity.

    March 9, 2012. Morris speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Party of Lake County in Florida and auctions off a personal guided tour of Fox News' New York studios for GOP donors. Fox News “reprimanded” Morris following Media Matters’ report.

    February 7, 2013. Ingraham speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Party of Palm Beach County at Mar-A-Lago, FL, receiving $12,500. Trump introduced Ingraham.

    July 1, 2014. Media Matters releases a report documenting 15 Fox News hosts and contributors who have campaigned in the past few years with two political organizations created and heavily funded by billionaire industrialists Charles and David Koch. The Fox employees include current Fox hosts Tucker Carlson, Greg Gutfeld, Laura Ingraham, Charles Payne, and Dana Perino.

    February 21, 2015. Jeanine Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Manatee County Republican Executive Committee, receiving $20,000.

    May 4, 2015. Ingraham speaks at an event for then-Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN). Blackburn became a senator in 2019.

    February 11, 2016. Ingraham speaks at a fundraising event for the Sangamon County Republican Central Committee in Illinois, receiving $12,500.

    March 20, 2016. Ingraham speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Party of Palm Beach County at Mar-A-Lago. Trump, who was the front-runner for the Republican presidential nomination then, also spoke at the event.

    May 5, 2016. Brian Kilmeade speaks at an event for the Queens Village Republican Club in New York.

    May 13, 2016. Carlson -- then a co-host on Fox & Friends Weekend -- speaks at an event for the Republican Party of Arkansas, receiving $23,500.

    Photo from the Republican Party of Arkansas' Facebook page


    January, February, and March: Jeanine Pirro receives a “speaker’s fee” payment of $5,000 each month, for a total of $15,000, from the New Jersey Republican State Committee for an unspecified event.

    January 26. Pete Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Party of Brazos County in Texas, receiving $5,000.

    February 18. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Kent County Republican Committee in Delaware, receiving $12,000.

    March 4. Lou Dobbs speaks at a fundraising event for the Manatee County Republican Executive Committee in Florida, receiving $25,000.

    March 9. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Erie County Republican Committee in New York, receiving $7,579.34.

    March 13. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Georgia Republican Party, receiving $15,000.

    March 20. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Committee of Lower Merion and Narberth in Pennsylvania, receiving $5,284.

    March 31. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Bonneville County GOP in Idaho, receiving $14,000.

    April 21. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Snohomish County Republican Central Committee in Washington, receiving $5,547.60.  

    July 28. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Republican Party of Arkansas, receiving $15,000.

    July 29. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Larimer County Republican Party in Colorado, receiving $5,000  

    September 21. Host Greg Gutfeld speaks at a fundraising event for the Washington State Republican Party, receiving $36,609.41.

    October 8. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Volusia County Republican Party in Florida, receiving $20,000.

    October 13. Cavuto speaks at an event for the conservative and Koch-funded Washington Policy Center alongside Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.

    October 17. Ingraham speaks at a “campaign kickoff event” for then-Senate candidate Kelli Ward (R) in Arizona. The New York Times reported, “Fox News hosts are not usually allowed to stump for candidates, but Ms. Ingraham was granted an exception because her show had not yet begun.”

    October 21. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the California Republican Party, receiving $20,000.

    November 2. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Montgomery County Republican Women's PAC in Texas, receiving $6,500.

    November 9. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Alachua County Republican Party in Florida, receiving $15,000.

    December 6. Hannity speaks and accepts an award at a United in Purpose luncheon hosted by Ginni Thomas at Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C.


    January 18. Pirro speaks at an event for the Trumpettes USA club at Mar-a-Lago. The Washington Post reported that “the event followed the format of a Palm Beach charity ball — without the charity. [Trumpettes co-founder Toni Holt] Kramer was clear that the money would all go to the president's club.”

    February 8. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Sangamon County Republican Central Committee in Illinois, receiving $13,250.

    February 17. Gutfeld speaks at an event for the Morris County Republican Committee Fundraiser at Trump National Golf Club in New Jersey, reportedly receiving $30,000.

    February 23. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Alabama Republican Executive Committee, receiving $10,600.

    March 5. Chris Stirewalt, Fox News’ politics editor who “helps coordinate political coverage across Fox platforms,” gives a keynote speech at Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C., for the Independent Petroleum Association of America. Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA) spoke at the gathering the following day.  

    March 16. Pirro speaks at a fundraising event for the Kern County Republican Central Committee in California that also features then-House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-CA). Pirro, who received $25,000 for speaking at the event, would interview McCarthy the following the day on her Fox News program without disclosing the payment.

    May 17. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Benton County Republican Central Committee in Washington, receiving $8,500.

    May 24. Hegseth speaks at a fundraising event for the Livingston County Republican Party in Michigan with then-Republican Senate candidate John James. Hegseth, who received $10,239.55 for the engagement, would later interview James on Fox & Friends Weekend on July 28, September 9, October 14, and October 28, without disclosing his financial conflict of interest.

    June 28. Hannity speaks at a Manhattan Republican Party event honoring him.

    June 30. Fox News Radio host Todd Starnes speaks alongside Republican officials at a fundraising event for the Fayette County Republican Party in Tennessee. Starnes has also worked as an anchor and reporter for Fox News Radio.

    July 2. Hannity participates in campaign rallies for two Florida Republicans: gubernatorial candidate Ron DeSantis and congressional candidate Rep. Matt Gaetz.

    August 11. Shannon Bream speaks at the conservative Steamboat Institute’s 10th Annual Freedom Conference & Festival and praised the recently passed GOP tax bill and said that Trump has been “rolling back regulations that we've heard from businesses, from the IRS to the EPA, have made it tougher for them to survive and be profitable in America.” Bream made the remarks despite stating that she’s “in the news division” and doesn’t “have an opinion publicly.” Then-Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke also appeared at the conference; Bream interviewed Zinke on her show in November.

    October 10. Pirro speaks at an event for Scott Wagner for Governor (R) in Pennsylvania, receiving $35,000.

    November 5. Hannity and Pirro both appear and speak at a campaign rally with Trump ahead of the midterm elections. The network responded by falsely claiming it “does not condone any talent participating in campaign events.”


    January 17. The Williamson County Republican Party in Tennessee announces that “Brian Kilmeade will not be speaking at” its February 16 “Reagan Day due to scheduling conflicts.” Media Matters had earlier that month criticized the Fox & Friends host for agreeing to participate in the partisan fundraiser.

    January 24. The Bridgeport Republican Town Committee in Connecticut announces that Pete Hegseth will no longer be speaking at its April 25 fundraiser “due to circumstances beyond our control.” The cancellation came a day after Media Matters reported on the event.

    February 23. Pirro again headlines a Trumpettes USA party at Mar-a-Lago that benefits Trump’s club, as The Washington Post’s Erik Wemple reported.

    March 22: The James Madison Institute announces that Shannon Bream has cancelled her speech at its April 3 fundraiser. Media Matters had previously reported on the event, noting that Bream belongs to Fox’s “news” division yet was scheduled to speak at the fundraiser for the Koch-linked group alongside Florida Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis.

    May 31. Fox Nation host and Fox News contributor David Webb is scheduled to emcee a fundraising event for the Belknap County Republican Committee in New Hampshire. Webb has also emceed the committee’s events in previous years.

  • Conservative media downplay the Trump administration's unprecedented stonewalling of congressional oversight

    ››› ››› ZACHARY PLEAT

    As legal experts, historians, and Democratic lawmakers have sounded the alarm over President Donald Trump’s blanket obstruction of congressional oversight of his presidency -- suggesting we have reached or are approaching a constitutional crisis -- Trump’s conservative media allies are brazenly misrepresenting the arguments and suggesting everything boils down to a fight over the Mueller report, claiming Trump’s obstruction is normal, and ridiculing Democrats for speaking out.

  • Candidates who care about climate change should be wary of partnering with Fox News

    Blog ››› ››› EVLONDO COOPER

    Media Matters / Melissa Joskow

    Fox News is trying to entice Democratic presidential candidates to participate in town halls on the network, as Sen. Bernie Sanders (VT) is scheduled to do on April 15. Though Sanders has explained his reasoning for wanting to do a town hall on Fox, there are plenty of good reasons why other candidates should think carefully about whether they want to partner with the network. 

    Fox is a pernicious propaganda machine for the Trump White House, and it has a long history of both denying and downplaying climate change and helping to block climate action. Fox is currently at the peak of its political influence, but it's also at a precarious point both financially and in the court of public opinion. Many advertisers have fled and others are considering following suit, not wanting to be associated with the network's bigoted and toxic commentary. Fox is now desperately courting advertisers by trying to paint itself as a legitimate news outlet ahead of May 13, when it will host an "upfront" event at which it aims to sell about 60 to 70 percent of its advertising space for 2020. Democratic candidates might want to keep their distance and not enable Fox's attempt at whitewashing its toxicity.

    Fox consistently spreads right-wing misinformation, lies, and climate denial

    The New Yorker recently exposed how Fox News has developed a symbiotic relationship with the Trump administration and has become a nexus of the right-wing disinformation network. And earlier in April, The New York Times Magazine detailed how Fox founder Rupert Murdoch’s media empire “helped elevate marginal demagogues, mainstream ethnonationalism and politicize the very notion of truth” in the U.S. and beyond, “destabiliz[ing] democracies around the world.”

    After the New Yorker published its piece in March, the Democratic National Committee barred Fox News from hosting any of its upcoming presidential primary debates.

    Fox News has been especially destructive on the climate change narrative, serving as an echo and amplification chamber for climate denial and environmental deregulation efforts. For years, Fox has played a critical role in undermining the public consensus around climate change by eroding trust in climate scientists and scientific institutions, according to a 2013 study. A separate study by the Union of Concerned Scientists found that 72 percent of Fox News segments about climate science in 2013 "contained misleading statements." In the years since, the network has continued to parade a coterie of network personalities, fringe cranks, and conspiracy theorists to push misinformation about climate change and attack those working to confront the climate crisis.

    During the Trump administration, Fox News has also provided a safe haven for disgraced officials like former EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and former Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke. Not only did Pruitt and Zinke prefer Fox News over other news networks, they both used their appearances on Fox to question climate science and to advocate for harmful environmental rollbacks, often with little to no pushback from fawning hosts.

    Fox's "straight news" anchors are not honest brokers on climate change and other critical issues

    Fox News claims that Martha MacCallum and Bret Baier, the Fox hosts who will anchor the town hall with Sanders, are straightforward newscasters. But a closer look at their past comments and reporting reveals that they cannot be trusted to foster good-faith discussions about key issues, including climate change.

    MacCallum has denied basic climate science and made ridiculous claims about global warming. In 2014, on Fox News Radio's Kilmeade & Friends, she said:

    MARTHA MACCALLUM: I mean the climate has changed over the course of the thousands and thousands of years that the Earth has been in existence. It has changed, you know, by several degrees up and down over the course of it. I just don't think that there is convincing evidence that the presence of man has altered that more dramatically than say the earth being covered with volcanoes emitting, you know, naturally noxious gases.

    That same year, MacCallum downplayed the importance of climate change and argued that Democrats in Congress should be concentrating on other issues instead. And in March 2015, after the Obama administration announced a voluntary emission-reduction pledge ahead of the U.N. climate talks in Paris, MacCallum was critical of the move and falsely said that the U.S. was going to the "upper end of the range" with its commitment and "nobody else has to do it." In fact, dozens of other countries had by that point announced targets to cut or curb their greenhouse gas emissions, including the European Union, whose target was more ambitious than the one the U.S. put forth.

    Baier has a reputation for not being as bad as some of the more explicit climate deniers on his network, but according to a 2014 analysis by the Union of Concerned Scientists, he has still aired "a number of segments containing inaccurate statements about climate science." He has given climate skeptics a platform to attack climate science and climate action, often with very little pushback.

    Fox is now desperately trying to convince advertisers that it's not toxic

    In March, Fox News executives held an unprecedented meeting with its advertisers to persuade them not to abandon the network after more than 30 companies had dropped their ads since the initial push began in December of last year. Recent calls for companies to pull their ads from Tucker Carlson Tonight and Justice with Judge Jeanine came in response to Media Matters releasing audio of Fox host Tucker Carlson's racist and misogynistic rants on the Bubba the Love Sponge Show from 2006 to 2011, and to Fox personality Jeanine Pirro’s anti-Muslim tirade against Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN).

    For years, Fox News has let its prime-time hosts spew bigotry, propaganda, and dangerous conspiracy theories on a nightly basis, while using its so-called "news" programming to give the network a veneer of respectability. But the "news" side and the "opinion" side of Fox News are two sides of the same coin. Fox is dangerous and corrupt from top to bottom.

    The Fox executive wooing Democratic candidates has actively hampered honest reporting on climate change

    Bill Sammon, Fox's senior vice president and Washington managing editor, is courting Democratic candidates for town halls and trying to get the DNC to reconsider its decision not to let Fox host a debate.

    Sammon has a notoriously terrible record on climate change. In 2009, he sent a memo to Fox journalists ordering them to curtail honest reporting on climate change:

    We should refrain from asserting that the planet has warmed (or cooled) in any given period without IMMEDIATELY pointing out that such theories are based upon data that critics have called into question.

    He sent the memo out less than 15 minutes after a Fox correspondent accurately reported that U.N. scientists said the 2000-2009 period was "expected to turn out to be the warmest decade on record." When the correspondent returned to the air a few hours later, he added views from climate "skeptics" into his reporting. Sammon has also tilted Fox's coverage of other issues further to the right.

    Four years ago, Sammon played a key role in crafting questions for a Republican presidential primary debate. Do Democratic candidates want to invite Sammon to craft questions for them now?

    With Fox on the ropes with advertisers, Democratic candidates should consider if they want to throw Fox News a lifeline this spring.

  • Six weeks of Fox's Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez obsession: "Totalitarian," "ignorant," "scary," and waging a "war on cows"

    In these 42 days, Fox News and Fox Business talked about AOC every single day, mentioning her at least 3,181 times

    Blog ››› ››› COURTNEY HAGLE

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    Fox News has always used certain prominent Democrats as boogeymen -- someone for hosts and guests to demonize, knock down, and refer to whenever grievances need to be aired against the Democratic Party. Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and Nancy Pelosi all have been put in this rhetorical role, but since June 2018, Fox personalities have set their sights on a new target: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

    Ocasio-Cortez, commonly referred to as AOC, is a 29-year-old freshman Democratic congresswoman from the Bronx. Since arriving in Washington, D.C., Ocasio-Cortez has drawn continued attention for championing progressive policies such as “Medicare for All,” expanding the national debate on climate change with the introduction of the Green New Deal, demonstrating a savvy use of social media, and pursuing sharp lines of questioning in high-profile congressional committee hearings. 

    She has also become an obsession on Fox News. In the six weeks from February 25 and April 7, her name was mentioned 3,181 times on Fox News and Fox Business; not a day went by in that time frame that she wasn't discussed on the networks. 

    Ocasio-Cortez is brought up constantly, even if the topic has nothing to do with her, as with the recent terror attacks in New Zealand. Hosts and guests smear and misrepresent Ocasio-Cortez’s agenda, caricaturing it while painting it as radical, dangerous, far-left socialism. They often draw bleak comparisons between her progressive vision and the turmoil in Venezuela or invoke murderous dictators to attack her policies. Fox figures go on extended, agressively angry rants about her. They've repeatedly attacked her intelligence, used her age to discredit her, and dismissed her as a “little girl,” (as when Brit Hume said she's “kind of adorable in sort of the way that a 5-year-old child can be adorable"). They cite national polls about her popularity, despite her being a first-term congresswoman representing one district in New York, and claim she has taken over the Democratic Party. They have accused Ocasio-Cortez, whose family hailed from Puerto Rico, of using “minority privilege” to criticize Fox personalities and trying to push “Latin American values” on the U.S. to “bring the kind of socialism that destroyed Venezuela.”

    Various Fox hosts, including Stuart Varney, Greg Gutfeld, and David Asman, have alluded to Fox's laser focus on Ocasio-Cortez. Varney, for example, once acknowledged, "We have an AOC segment every single day, almost every single hour. She's good for our ratings":

    Here is a (noncomprehensive) glimpse into what just six weeks of Fox News and Fox Business’ Ocasio-Cortez coverage looks like:

    Week 1Fox freaked out over Ocasio-Cortez wanting to ban children; pushed a partisan, since-debunked claim about the cost of the Green New Deal, and helped make her one of the stars of CPAC.

    Week 2Fox accused Ocasio-Cortez of being a hypocrite for using cars, relentlessly covered alleged ethics violations filed by conservative activist groups against her staff, and used her support of Rep. Ilhan Omar to accuse Democrats of having an anti-Semitism problem. 

    Week 3Fox melted down when Ocasio-Cortez said Ronald Reagan used racism to stoke divisions, attempted to pit her against House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to claim major divisions in the Democratic Party, and attacked her education and intelligence. 

    Week 4Fox hyped a Gallup poll about Ocasio-Cortez's national approval ratings, covered more alleged ethics violations, and attacked Time magazine for a cover featuring her. 

    Week 5Fox continued to push the bogus Green New Deal cost claim and criticized her questioning during House committee hearings. 

    Week 6Fox attacked Ocasio-Cortez's (accurate) tweets about the 22nd Amendment and croissants, obsessed over another Instagram Live video while mocking her unfurnished apartment, and accused her of adopting a fake accent. 

    Week 1

    February 25

    Fox distorted Ocasio-Cortez’s comments about climate change, children, and the Green New Deal to paint them as both extreme and ridiculous, while pushing a bogus price tag for the Green New Deal. During a February 24 livestream video on Instagram, Ocasio-Cortez talked about the reality many young people face under the looming threat of climate change, including concerns about having children in a world that scientists predict will become increasingly uninhabitable due to climate change. The comments sparked a day of faux outrage at Fox News. Fox figures mocked and misrepresented Ocasio-Cortez’s climate agenda, implying that she is discouraging people from having children.

    Fox additionally smeared her climate agenda by pushing a discredited claim made by a conservative activist group that the Green New Deal could cost $93 trillion over 10 years. The network also criticized and mocked Ocasio-Cortez’s recent comments in which she pointed out that no one else has presented a climate agenda on the scale of the Green New Deal, making her the “boss” until someone else steps up.

    On his prime-time show, Sean Hannity claimed Ocasio-Cortez wanted to ban airplanes and cows, pushed the bogus Green New Deal price tag, and called her "radical, socialist views" on climate “insane” and “scary.” Fox News host Sean Hannity pushed the myth that Ocasio-Cortez is trying to ban “gas-powered cars, airplanes, … and even cows,” as well as the then-new (and quickly discredited) "study" that found the Green New Deal would cost $93 trillion. He also claimed that “like any good socialist,” Ocasio-Cortez “loves the heavy, oppressive hand of the federal government.” He added, it’s “scary” that many Democrats are “lining up to support Ocasio-Cortez and her radical, socialist views.” [Fox News, Hannity, 2/25/19

    Tucker Carlson called Ocasio-Cortez an “idiotic wind bag" who should be told "to be quiet and take a seat” and lashed out over her Instagram comments about having children. In a segment that lasted over nine minutes, Fox host Tucker Carlson claimed that the Green New Deal would “shut down the entire American economy.” Carlson also sarcastically berated her comments on having children, asking, “I don’t know, AIexandria, can we [still have children]? You’re the boss now. If you say we can't reproduce the species, of course we won't. It's your call." [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 2/25/19]

    Martha MacCallum called Ocasio-Cortez's Instagram comment about children "unoptimistic" and hosted Lara Trump, who suggested Ocasio-Cortez was "rambling" because she was drinking. Fox News anchor Martha MacCallum said Ocasio-Cortez was being “unoptimistic” because “Americans love to, you know, have your kids, create the next generation.” Lara Trump, daugher-in-law of President Donald Trump, also complained that children learning about climate science “are being indoctrinated with all this nonsense.” [Fox News, The Story with Martha MacCallum, 2/25/19]

    Katie Pavlich: Ocasio-Cortez's climate views are the result of “indoctrination.” Fox News co-host Katie Pavlich complained that educating children on climate science is “indoctrination,” pointing to a “recycling art contest” that she won when she was nine. Co-host Greg Gutfeld briefly acknowledged Fox’s obsession with Ocasio-Cortez, admitting that he tries to “keep our portions of AOC down to 5 percent,” but “at Fox they’re all like no, throw the AOC out there.” The co-hosts then proceeded to mock her concerns about having children in a world facing extreme climate change. [Fox News, The Five, 2/25/19]

    February 26

    Fox continued to mock and distort the Green New Deal resolution, compared her comments about having children to China's one-child policy, and pushed the bogus Green New Deal cost estimate. Figures at Fox continued to distort and misrepresent Ocasio-Cortez’s comments the following day, going as far as to call her “disturbingly authoritarian” and accusing her of advocating for “civilizational suicide” by suggesting that younger people have concerns about having children. Fox also repeatedly pushed the false figure that the Green New Deal would cost $93 trillion, using the number to paint Ocasio-Cortez’s platform as an unrealistic idea that would “bankrupt” and “hurt our country.”

    Carlson suggested Ocasio-Cortez's comment on having children was flawed because China's one-child policy didn't make that country "cleaner." He also pointed out that China is “the world’s largest polluter,” implying that a one-child rule -- which Ocasio-Cortez has never proposed -- is incompatible with her environmental goals. [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 2/26/19]

    Brian Kilmeade pushed the bogus $93 trillion Green New Deal price tag, while Pete Hegseth argued that Ocasio-Cortez is advocating for “civilizational suicide.” Fox & Friends co-host Brian Kilmeade continued to hype the supposed cost of the Green New Deal. Fellow co-host Pete Hegseth falsely claimed that “she's saying ‘don't have kids because it's going to hurt our country,’” and argued, “When you stop believing in your own country and your own values and free market economics, you give up what made you special in the first place.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 2/26/19]

    Steve Hilton said Ocasio-Cortez's “no-child policy” is “disturbingly authoritarian, even fascistic,” and Melissa Francis called her an "elitist" and pushed the myth that she wants to ban planes and cows. Fox Business host and Outnumbered guest host Steve Hilton also said that it seems like Ocasio-Cortez “would be much more comfortable, frankly, in China.” Co-host Melissa Francis claimed that Ocasio-Cortez’s platform is actually the “ultimate rich ideology” and that she is the “ultimate elitist.” Francis also falsely claimed that Ocasio-Cortez wants to “get rid of children, airplanes, and cows.” Co-host Lisa Kennedy Montgomery (Kennedy) chimed in that “dingbats who worry that the Earth is swallowing itself … shouldn’t have kids.” The segment also promoted the bogus $93 trillion figure for the Green New Deal. [Fox News, Outnumbered, 2/26/19]

    February 27

    Fox pushed a clip of Ivanka Trump criticizing Ocasio-Cortez’s calls for a job guarantee and a mandatory living wage. In a February 25 interview, Ivanka Trump claimed that most Americans did not, “in their heart, want to be given something,” referencing the Green New Deal's push for a job guarantee and a living wage. The next day, Ocasio-Cortez responded in a tweet that “as a person who actually worked for tips & hourly wages in my life, … I can tell you that most people want to be paid enough to live.” The narrative on Fox for the day turned into Ivanka vs. Ocasio-Cortez, with most hosts and guests cheerleading Ivanka while criticizing the idea of a higher minimum wage.

    Mike Huckabee responded to Ocasio-Cortez calling a living wage a right, saying it was "ridiculous to talk about a minimum wage." On The Story with Martha MacCallum, Fox contributor Mike Huckabee railed against the minimum wage in response to the exchange between Ivanka Trump and Ocasio-Cortez. MacCallum also praised Trump for choosing to work when "she doesn't have to work at all," while claiming there is a “scorn element” involved in criticizing her privilege. [Fox News, The Story with Martha MacCallum, 2/27/19]

    In response to Ocasio-Cortez’s comments, Fox Business host Stuart Varney asserted, “A living wage is not a right. It simply is not a right.” Fox Business correspondent Susan Li said, “Yes, people do want to earn money. Why be given something when you should go and earn it.” [Fox News, Varney & Co., 2/27/19]

    Dagen McDowell: Cardi B is "a lot smarter on economic points than AOC is." Fox Business anchor Maria Bartiromo argued that it’s wrong to attack Ivanka “after what she’s done her entire life.” After a nearly five-minute segment devoted to Ocasio-Cortez, Fox Business anchor Dagen McDowell quoted Grace-Marie Turner of the Galen Institute who said that “our attention to [Ocasio-Cortez] fuels her celebrity and therefore her ideas. Time to get over our fascination and move on.” [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 2/27/19]

    February 28

    During CPAC, Fox made it clear that Ocasio-Cortez was going to be a big topic for the conference. Ocasio-Cortez came up often on Fox amid discussions of the Conservative Political Action Conference, an annual convention for conservative politicians and activists. Additionally, Fox continued to smear Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal and painted the 2020 election as a referendum on socialism vs. capitalism.

    Ronna McDaniel repeated the bogus Green New Deal cost estimate and said it would "take away the American dream." On America's Newsroom, with a chyron reading "CPAC 2019 to focus on Democrats' growing socialist agenda," Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel parroted the inflated Green New Deal price tag, said the proposal would ruin the American dream, said “the Green New Deal is a path to bankruptcy for our country," and fearmongered that Ocasio-Cortez's agenda could turn the U.S. into Venezuela. The anchor, Sandra Smith, indicated her agreement throughout the segment. [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 2/28/19]

    Sebastian Gorka called the Green New Deal "communist" and claimed Ocasio-Cortez wants to “ban you from eating hamburgers and cheeseburgers.” Then-Fox contributor Sebastian Gorka touted his CPAC speech, in which he called Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal “a watermelon -- green on the outside, deep red communist on the inside.” Gorka also likened Ocasio-Cortez’s agenda to “communism” and claimed that the 2020 election will be a “choice between oppression and freedom.” [Fox News, Hannity, 2/28/19]

    March 1

    Fox hyped the claim that Ocasio-Cortez was compiling "a list" of Democrats to target. On Friday, a rumor circulated in right-wing publications that Ocasio-Cortez was putting moderate Democrats on a list and would support primary challengers against them in 2020. Fox ran with the rumor to advance the narrative that Ocasio-Cortez is the root cause of infighting among Democrats. In reality, the claim was a misrepresentation; in a meeting of House Democrats, Pelosi expressed frustration with moderate Democrats siding with Republicans on procedural votes, and Ocasio-Cortez reportedly indicated that she would support progressive activists in 2020. The "list" comment came from her spokesperson, and on Twitter, Ocasio-Cortez clarified, "I didn’t say that they were putting themselves on a list for primaries. I said that by Dems distinguishing themselves by breaking off on procedural MTR votes, they were inadvertently making a list of targets for the GOP and for progressive advocates on their pro-ICE vote."

    Varney dedicated a monologue to smearing Ocasio-Cortez’s role among fellow Democrats. Varney began by describing the Democratic Party as “pretty rough” and “open warfare,” adding that Ocasio-Cortez is “at the center of it.” He pushed the narrative that, according to Ocasio-Cortez, moderate Democrats are “putting themselves on a list. Presumably, that’s a list of Democrats who would face primary challenges from the socialists.” He described the Democrats in the House as a “fractured caucus” that is “split, and AOC is the main cause.” He concluded by saying that “for the next 20 months, the battle between moderates and socialists will rage on” but “the power and influence of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has yet to be rolled back.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/1/19]

    Later in the same show, Varney admitted, “We have an AOC segment every single day almost every single hour” because “she is good for our ratings.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/1/19]

    Jason Chaffetz claimed that Ocasio-Cortez “vowed to put anyone who votes with Republicans on a list.” While guest hosting Hannity, Fox's Jason Chaffetz pointed out, in an attempt at a “gotcha” moment, that Ocasio-Cortez has previously voted with Republicans, adding that “she should be on this list” and that he looks “forward to seeing who she recruits to primary herself.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/1/19]

    Carlson: If you “ask too many questions or think too many independent thoughts … you will wind up on Commissar Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s list.” Carlson painted a bleak picture of Ocasio-Cortez’s rumored list, claiming that it’s “not politics” but a “cult.” He also claimed that “nuance is the enemy” and “accomodation is a sin.” He described her rumored list as “totalitarian,” “stupid and boring,” and “a replacement for thought.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/1/19]

    Jesse Watters: Ocasio-Cortez "wants to create a civil war” and is “the Steve Bannon of the left now.” Fox host Jesse Watters added that “Republicans are scoring so many points because of AOC.” Fox anchor and host Dana Perino also claimed that moderates are “now facing threats and political retribution if they work with Republicans." [Fox News, The Five, 3/1/19]

    Weekend (March 2-3)

    Jeanine Pirro hyped Trump’s CPAC comments about Ocasio-Cortez while she and her guests referred to her as "a bartender" and compared limiting meat consumption to a dictatorship. Fox host Jeanine Pirro and her guests repeatedly misrepresented Ocasio-Cortez’s climate agenda. Pirro said Ocasio-Cortez is now “the person that everybody is talking about” before asserting that she “threatens to put moderate Dems on a list and she threatens to primary them.” Pirro then asked her guests, “Does she think she is in charge, or is Pelosi in charge?” Guest Stephanie Hamill responded that Ocasio-Cortez “has the loud minority on her side right now” and “she does think she’s the boss, she’s in charge.” Pirro addressed Ocasio-Cortez’s comments about the effects of factory farming on environment and asked if her suggestion that we reconsider our consumption of factory-farmed meat is “somewhat of a dictatorship?” Pirro dismissed Ocasio-Cortez’s concerns and said, “She is a bartender -- should we be drinking and not eating hamburgers?” Hamill then claimed to be “petrified of the idea of somebody suggesting that the government should regulate when you eat cheeseburgers,” even though Ocasio-Cortez has proposed nothing of the sort. [Fox News, Justice with Judge Jeanine, 3/2/19]

    Watters also used the idea of a list to illustrate divisions within the Democratic Party. He claimed there is a “civil war” in the Democratic Party and “leading the way: none other than freshman firebrand Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.” Chaffetz agreed that Democrats are “eating their own.” A chyron later claimed “AOC keeps ‘naughty’ list.” [Fox News, Watters’ World, 3/2/19]

    Hegseth called Ocasio-Cortez “Comrade Cortez” while discussing her comments about ICE. Former acting ICE Director Tom Homan claimed that he cancelled his flight to respond to Ocasio-Cortez’s comments and said she “doesn’t know fact from fiction” and “doesn’t know how to tell the truth” before pushing back on her criticisms of ICE abuses. He added that he’s “never been this upset in my career” before asking, “How dare she?” Homan also called for “ethics investigations” into Ocasio-Cortez for her criticisms of ICE. Guest co-host Rachel Campos-Duffy thanked Homan for “clearing up the misinformation coming from AOC.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends Weekend, 3/2/19]

    Week 2

    March 4

    Fox claimed Ocasio-Cortez is a hypocrite for using cars while advocating for the Green New Deal. On March 4, Fox News’ predominant talking point regarding Ocasio-Cortez revolved around a New York Post report that she rode in a minivan when she was “a mere five-minute walk” from the nearest subway station, supposedly proving the hypocrisy of Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal. Ocasio-Cortez later responded that the minivan belonged to her aunt and that “If they saw how many goldfish snacks were in this thing they’d say I was killing the ocean too.”

    Fox & Friends First anchor Heather Childers highlighted the story on her show, framing it as “the congresswoman behind the Green New Deal ditches the subway for a gas-guzzling minivan.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends First, 3/4/19]

    Hannity: "Just like socialist comrade Bernie Sanders, Congresswoman Ocasio-Cortez's rhetoric doesn't seem to match her actions.” Hannity described the “major exposé” by the New York Post before claiming that Ocasio-Cortez’s traveling habits are hypocritical because she has “called for abolishing airplanes." He then asked why “those who shout the loudest for the radical climate-shaming policies are always the last to make the personal sacrifices and lead by example.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/4/19]

    Carlson amplified comments calling Ocasio-Cortez a "garden-variety hypocrite” and a “pompous little twit" for riding in the minivan. Carlson claimed Ocasio-Cortez thinks climate change is “so important we may have to stop having children," before pointing to her perceived hypocrisy for using cars and airplanes and claiming that “we always know what people believe by the way they live, not by what they say, but by how they act." Carlson finished by highlighting tweets that he said “correctly” called Ocasio-Cortez a “garden-variety hypocrite” and a “pompous little twit.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/4/19]

    March 5

    Fox distorted a reported campaign finance violation involving Ocasio-Cortez’s chief of staff, going as far as to suggest she could possibly go to jail. On March 4, Washington Examiner reported on a complaint filed with the FEC that Ocasio-Cortez’s chief of staff “funneled over $1 million in political donations into two of his own private companies.” While The Washington Post also reported on the story, any potential campaign finance violations and subsequent legal issues seem to have little to do with Ocasio-Cortez. Additionally, these reported violations pale in comparison to President Donald Trump’s possible campaign finance violations, which are often downplayed on Fox News. Still, Fox figures used this story to again paint Ocasio-Cortez as a hypocrite and even went as far as suggesting she herself could possibly go to jail.

    Fox also continued to push the rumored list that Ocasio-Cortez is compiling of her fellow Democrats, advancing the narrative that there are divisions between Ocasio-Cortez and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. Fox figures also misrepresented parts of her agenda to appear more extreme.

    Laura Ingraham: “Could the Democrats shining new star be seeing some, well, shiny new prison bars?” Fox host Laura Ingraham then told her guest Brad Smith, former commissioner of Federal Election Commision that “it’s nice to see the tables turned on some of these Democrats who are on their high horses all the time, claiming to have the moral superiority over everybody else.” While Smith said that he doesn’t think she will go to prison, he said that the situation shows “the rank hypocrisy here.” He also added that Ocasio-Cortez’s “best defense is probably that she was too ignorant and she didn’t know what was going on.” [Fox News, The Ingraham Angle, 3/5/19]

    Carlson claimed that Ocasio-Cortez is hypocritical because “she described herself as an enemy of big money in politics.” He used the story to bring up the minivan scandal discussed earlier in the week, saying that Ocasio-Cortez is a “sworn enemy of carbon, but that didn’t stop her from taking hundreds of Uber rides when the subway was just a few feet away.” Carlson’s guest, Melissa Francis, later accused Ocasio-Cortez of elitism, describing her as “the ruling class” while Francis and Carlson are “just the serfs along the way.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/5/19]

    Fox’s Brit Hume said that “for all of her callowness and arguable shallowness,” she “makes news” because she’s “kind of adorable in sort of the way that a 5-year-old child can be adorable.” Carlson agreed, adding that while she is “brave,” she’s “also really arrogant.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/5/19]

    Hannity went all-in to advance the narrative that Ocasio-Cortez has taken control of the Democrats from Pelosi. He began his segment by claiming that Democrats are “imploding,” claiming that “radical, extreme far-left socialists have now taken over any and any Democrat who doesn't fall in line and support this radical extreme agenda.” He claimed, “Nancy Pelosi is afraid of all of those freshmen [representatives] ... led by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.” He then said that “political intimidation is always a key component of socialism” and railed against her agenda before detailing the Federal Election Commission complaint against her chief of staff. He pushed the narrative that Ocasio-Cortez is a hypocrite “who wants to ban all air travel, but she herself loves flying on airplanes between New York and D.C.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/5/19]

    March 6

    Fox used Ocasio-Cortez’s support of Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) to push the idea that there is rising anti-Semitism in the Democratic Party and attacked her position on Amazon's headquarters. On March 6, Fox figures used Ocasio-Cortez’s support of Omar during the continuing controversy surrounding Omar’s comments as a reason why Pelosi wasn’t punishing Omar and said that it was a sign that she has lost control of her caucus to Ocasio-Cortez. When they weren’t discussing the Omar controversy, Fox figures talked about the issues surrounding Ocasio-Cortez’s chief of staff, condescendingly berated her immigration position, or just talked about her general popularity. Some also used Amazon’s decision to withdraw its plans to build a second headquarters in New York to blame Ocasio-Cortez and promote billboards in New York City attacking her.

    Hannity claimed that “it's pretty safe to say that the real speaker of the House for the Democrats is Ocasio-Cortez, not Nancy Pelosi.” He asserted that “instead of taking punitive action” against Omar, Pelosi “is making excuses” for her “because Congresswoman Ocasio-Cortez is publicly supporting Omar.” Hannity went on to claim that “Pelosi is terrified” of “being overthrown by even more radicals within her own party.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/6/19]

    Carlson: Ocasio-Cortez is “completely out of touch” and “has no idea what America is like.” Carlson also condescendingly said that her “tiny little world of fair trade coffee shops is thriving.” Carlson added, “Ocasio-Cortez and the rest of the morons say” people are “racist” if they're bothered by the number of overdose deaths from fentanyl coming across the border. [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/6/19]

    Steve Doocy called out Ocasio-Cortez’s supposed “hypocrisy” because “when she was running, she was all about transparency.” While discussing her chief of staff’s alleged campaign violation, Fox & Friends co-host Steve Doocy painted Ocasio-Cortez as a hypocrite. His guest, Mark Fitzgibbons, referenced her line of questioning in hearings on campaign finance, saying, “It's no irony that Ms. Ocasio-Cortez role-played the bad guy in hearings last month about regulating campaign finance even more.” Fitzgibbons also called Ocasio-Cortez “a socialist crusader” who “doesn’t know the rules.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/6/19]

    Fox Business panel claimed Ocasio-Cortez had backtracked on her position opposing Amazon’s plans to build a second headquarters in New York City after the online retail giant withdrew from the plan. Fox Business’ Bartiromo and Ashley Webster also highlighted billboards put up in the city smearing Ocasio-Cortez over the Green New Deal. [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 3/6/19]

    March 7

    Fox turned Ocasio-Cortez's boyfriend getting a House email address to access her work schedule and talking about throwing away plastic bags into pseudo-scandals. On March 7, right-wing publications reported another perceived ethics violation against Ocasio-Cortez after she reportedly attained a House email address for her boyfriend -- a common move among House members to grant their partners access to their House schedule. The stories attempted to smear her as hypocritical “for listing her live-in boyfriend as a staff member and getting him an official House email address.” Ocasio-Cortez denied accusations that he is a staff member in her office, but Fox still used the opportunity to claim Ocasio-Cortez was hypocritically giving her boyfriend special treatment.

    Fox also talked about a new Ocasio-Cortez scandal -- that she sometimes throws away her plastic bags from the grocery store -- after an interview in which Ocasio-Cortez said that patrons often get too many plastic bags they don’t know what to do with, pointing out that recycling programs can be inefficient, causing people to be wasteful. Fox jumped at the chance to use this comment to illustrate Ocasio-Cortez’s hypocrisy for introducing the Green New Deal. In addition to pushing these new scandals, Fox also continued to use Ocasio-Cortez’s support of Omar to attack Pelosi’s leadership.

    Hannity asserted that these complaints are “all extremely serious issues that could result in charges.” He added that “like every other good socialist, she appears to be pretty corrupt to the core.” He smeared Ocasio-Cortez as “everything that is wrong with this new radical extreme Democratic socialist party,” telling his viewers that Democrats are now a “party that is pushing the most radical socialist economic policies that will guarantee America spirals into a depression -- it’s that serious.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/7/19]

    Carlson used what he called “a spasm of left-wing outrage” that led to plastic straws being banned to talk about Ocasio-Cortez’s comments on plastic bags. His guest Mark Steyn added that “what’s oddly revealing about all this” is Ocasio-Cortez sounds “strangely unwoke” compared to “some well-meaning, liberal progressive who eschews all the plastic bags and produces some smelly, disgusting permanent bag.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/7/19

    Allie Beth Stuckey asked who’s really in charge of the Democratic Party, “because I remember AOC saying that she was in charge.” Allie Beth Stuckey added that she thinks “Nancy Pelosi is just acquiescing to whatever Ilhan Omar or AOC says,” repeating, “I just want to know who’s actually leading?” [Fox News, Outnumbered, 3/7/19]

    Charles Payne brought up what he dubbed the “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez factor.” Fox Business host Charles Payne elaborated that he is referring to Ocasio-Cortez coming “to the aid of her fellow freshman [Omar] and has seen the turn of tide.” He added that “it just feels like within that party, the shifting tide is toward a new leader and it’s not Nancy Pelosi.” Fox chief national correspondent Ed Henry claimed that Payne was “right to mention Congresswoman Ocasio-Cortez,” adding that her support of Omar adds to “pressure that is on Speaker Nancy Pelosi” because now Democrats are “dealing with their internal business like this.” [Fox News, Your World with Neil Cavuto, 3/7/19]

    March 8

    On Friday, most discussions about Ocasio-Cortez focused on the House anti-hate resolution, passed the day before on March 7. Many on Fox continued to accuse Ocasio-Cortez, along with Reps. Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) and Omar, of hijacking the party from Pelosi. An additional narrative formed on Fox accusing Ocasio-Cortez of hypocrisy for “fundraising off of Omar’s anti-Semitism” when she is “one of the main drivers of this push for the government to take people's liberty and freedom.” Other Fox figures continued to push supposed scandals that had developed over the course of the week, such as her hypocrisy surrounding the Green New Deal.

    Hannity: "This should shock the conscience and alarm every single American” because Ocasio-Cortez, Tlaib, and Omar are “pulling the strings” as the “head of the entire Democratic Party.” Hannity repeated the sentiment that “Nancy Pelosi is just speaker in name only.” He also said that “as per usual, Congresswoman Ocasio-Cortez [is[ leading the way.” He added that Ocasio-Cortez is “fundraising off of Omar’s anti-Semitism” and “begging for donations.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/8/19]

    Kennedy described Ocasio-Cortez “fundraising off this controversy” as hypocritical. Kennedy implied that it is hypocritical to fundraise “because Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is, you know, one of the main drivers of this push for the government to take people’s liberty and freedom, yet she wants to tap into the private sector and raise money off this controversy.” [Fox News, Outnumbered, 3/8/19]

    Varney on Ocasio-Cortez’s fundraising email: “Didn’t she use to rail against big money in politics?” Fox contributor Tammy Bruce agreed, pointing to Ocasio-Cortez’s “own issues” with alleged ethics violations. Bruce also asserted that Ocasio-Cortez defending Omar creates a “team AOC” and that “it also shows you that no one’s afraid of Nancy Pelosi.” Varney and Bruce used the incident involving Omar to illustrate divisions among the Democrats, to criticize Pelosi’s leadership, and to accuse Democrats of anti-Semitism. [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/8/19

    The three Fox & Friends co-hosts also pushed the narrative that Ocasio-Cortez could be the new House speaker. Co-host Ainsley Earhardt asked, “After all the Democratic infighting this week, can you imagine a Speaker Ocasio-Cortez instead?” Doocy replied, “Interesting,” and Kilmeade said, “She might as well be the speaker.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/19/19]

    Weekend (March 9-10)

    Watters dramatically covered “possible ethics investigations” in his “Watters’ World exclusive investigation into Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.” He listed off potential violations before saying that Ocasio-Cortez “is accused of being a green hypocrite.” He suggested that Ocasio-Cortez may have committed a “possible felony” with a campaign finance violation. Guest Phil Kerpen asserted that she is “certainly in trouble. The question is how much trouble. We know at a minimum there are reporting violation.” Watters interrupted him, claiming that “that’s what they tried to impeach” Trump over, referring to payments made to adult actor Stormy Daniels. He also claimed Ocasio-Cortez is “in trouble, potentially, for her Twitter use” and is “breaking all sorts of rules as a member of Congress” by linking between her social media accounts, which he called “a big no-no.” Watters then pivoted to her perceived hypocrisy, saying, “She wants to get rid of air travel and cows and all sorts of fossil fuels and all that, it looks like though she’s not living too green, personally.” Watters said that “one of the Greenpeace guys called her a total joke” and added that she “doesn’t even recycle or use compost or -- she got caught throwing away a bunch of plastic bags.” [Fox News, Watters’ World, 3/9/19]

    Campos-Duffy claimed young people who have concerns about climate change, including Ocasio-Cortez, are indoctrinated. While discussing a high school walkout in protest inaction toward climate change, Campos-Duffy asserted that “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, these kids, they are products of an educational system that is indoctrinating instead of educating.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends Weekend, 3/9/19]

    Week 3

    March 11

    The primary Ocasio-Cortez narrative focused on comments she made at SXSW. While speaking at the 2019 SXSW Conference and Festival, Ocasio-Cortez criticized capitalism as “irredeemable.” According to Rolling Stone, “When addressing the scourge of racism in America, Ocasio-Cortez pointed to Ronald Reagan as an example of drumming up racial fears.” Her comments caused hysteria among Fox figures, with many accusing Ocasio-Cortez of ignorance about history and refusing to acknowledge the merits of her remarks. Others accused her of rewriting history and attacking “the DNA of conservatism.”

    Ingraham claimed that Ocasio-Cortez is trying to “knock off conservative heroes” by criticizing Reagan. [Fox News, Ingraham Angle, 3/11/19]

    Francis: Ocasio-Cortez "seems like she’s not terribly educated about some of the things that she talks about.” Kennedy accused Ocasio-Cortez of being hypocritical for fundraising because “she wants to win in this capitalist system” when she is generally critical of capitalism. Kennedy added, “The statist grab that she’s going for will bankrupt the country.” Francis also said that Ocasio-Cortez “literally doesn’t understand what the definition of capitalism is.” Kennedy added that Ocasio-Cortez “doesn’t give any historical evidence for claims against Ronald Reagan,” even though Ocasio-Cortez actually pointed to multiple examples during her speech. [Fox News, Outnumbered, 3/11/19]

    Varney called Ocasio-Cortez’s comments “simply ridiculous,” “plain false,” and “fantastical economic nonsense.” He also added that “AOC is good on television,” “very attractive,” and a “media star.” Varney commented, “AOC is so far out of line and so far from national policy that she must surely be a bubble, that is a phenom that rises super fast but which then collapses in the clear light of day.” He and his guest discussed her comments at length, with his guest saying that he sometimes doesn’t “even understand what she’s talking about. It’s unbelievable.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/11/19]

    Later in the show, Varney said it was "extreme" for Ocasio-Cortez to say some people without jobs in the U.S. are left to die. Varney mentioned that he “was watching a lot of AOC over the weekend, as many bites as I could take in” and that she is “very good television” and “a very appealing character.” Varney repeated that he had problems with Ocasio-Cortez’s assertion that “if you don’t have a job in America, we’ll leave you to die,” saying that that is “a little extreme.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/11/19]

    Huckabee: “Unfortunately, they didn’t teach history where she went to school, and therefore she doesn’t understand what the Cold War was like.” Huckabee added that when socialism is enacted, “the only way to keep people under it is to kill the ones who complain.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/11/19]

    Payne mocked Ocasio-Cortez’s comments as “more of the social justice, ‘let’s go back, rewrite the wrongs of yesterday.’” He also claimed, “AOC seems to be now the person making all of the major decisions or at least setting the tone for the Democratic Party.” [Fox News, Your World with Neil Cavuto, 3/11/19]

    March 12

    Fox figures continued to attack Ocasio-Cortez’s remarks at SXSW, her policies, and her intelligence. Many Fox hosts and guests also used a report that Pelosi was currently against impeaching Trump to overstate Ocasio-Cortez’s role within the party and illustrate further divisions between Ocasio-Cortez and Pelosi. Shortly after the report, Ocasio-Cortez released a statement that she deferred to the party leadership on impeaching Trump.

    On Fox & Friends, guest Patrick Moore called Ocasio-Cortez a “pompous little twit” for introducing the Green New Deal. He also asserted that “the whole climate crisis” doesn’t exist and that it is “not only fake news, it’s fake science.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/12/19]

    Kennedy: Ocasio-Cortez's comments at SXSW reflect "just how little she understands about basic economics.” During her show, Kennedy argued that "the big shots in the [Democratic] party” are “risking mutiny” from freshman representatives like Ocasio-Cortez. She also claimed that Ocasio-Cortez is “one of the leaders of the faction giving Pelosi a headache” and characterized the Green New Deal as “a plan to completely remake and destroy the U.S. economy.” Kennedy said her comments from over the weekend reflect “just how little she understands about basic economics.” [Fox Business, Kennedy, 3/12/19]

    Later in the same show, Kennedy blamed education for Ocasio-Cortez’s views, saying, “That’s why we have people like AOC.” She added, “That mentality is the product of the college system.” [Fox Business, Kennedy, 3/12/19]

    March 13

    Fox attacked Ocasio-Cortez for her questioning of the Wells Fargo CEO during a House oversight committee hearing. Ocasio-Cortez accused Wells Fargo CEO Tim Sloan of “financing the caging of children,” asking him to explain why, as The Washington Post put it, “his company was financially supporting detention facilities where migrant children were held.” Fox again resorted to attacking Ocasio-Cortez’s intelligence. Fox also continued to smear and misrepresent Ocasio-Cortez’s policies like the Green New Deal.

    Hannity distorted Ocasio-Cortez’s entire agenda, claiming, “In addition to her new open borders agenda, the new green deal, no cows, planes, cars, oil, or gas, the new face of the left doesn't want you to worry about having to ever work again.” Fox contributor Newt Gingrich also claimed, “In a normal, healthy society, Alexandria would be seen as this interesting graduate student who … smoked a little grass, drank a little beer, … once read half of a book, knows nothing, and nobody would take her seriously. In a healthy society, she would be a joke. She doesn’t know anything; her views are based on whatever random thought comes in that morning and her proposals are beyond silly.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/13/19

    Liz Peek: Ocasio-Cortez is “very confused.” On Varney & Co., Fox Business contributor Liz Peek also said, “If I were advising AOC, … I would tell her to slow down. I would tell her to get her facts in a row.” She added, “The scary thing about this woman is she has enormous influence.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/13/19]

    Payne called Ocasio-Cortez’s questioning “outright nuts” and “crazy.” He called her “crazy like a fox” and scoffed at a USA Today article that pointed out that air pollution disproportionately impacts minority communities, which he tied to Ocasio-Cortez’s points. [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/13/19]

    McDowell: Ocasio-Cortez is “not old enough to even run for president,” yet she proposed the Green New Deal, which seems to have a “complete, fundamental misunderstanding of our greatness and our strength because of the energy sector and its growth.” [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 3/13/19]

    March 14

    Fox used Beto O’Rourke’s presidential campaign announcement to attack Ocasio-Cortez. Fox used O’Rourke’s announcement for a 2020 presidential run and his promise of action regarding climate change to attack Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal and climate policy. Fox also used Ocasio-Cortez to claim O’Rourke was far to the left of the political spectrum. When she wasn’t mentioned in the context of O’Rourke, Fox figures continued to attack her line of questioning at public committee hearings.

    Hannity characterized O’Rourke’s agenda as “radical” and “far-left,” adding that he is “parroting Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal, which will be a disaster.” He asserted that “Democrats have morphed into a total doomsday climate cult” before repeating the lie that Ocasio-Cortez wants to “get rid of oil, gas, planes, cars, and even cows.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/14/19]

    On Outnumbered, Gingrich remarked that O’Rourke “actually trumped AOC because he now is worried that we are about on the end of extinction.” [Fox News, Outnumbered, 3/14/19]

    Carlson called Ocasio-Cortez a “fake revolutionary” and referred to her questioning as “bonkers.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/14/19]

    March 15

    Fox lashed out at Ocasio-Cortez for her tweet about gun violence after shootings at two mosques in New Zealand. Fox criticized Ocasio-Cortez after she tweeted in response to the Christchuch, New Zealand, shootings at two mosques, which left at least 50 people dead. Ocasio-Cortez wrote, “What good are your thoughts & prayers when they don’t even keep the pews safe?”

    Fox also celebrated Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s (R-KY) “baller move” to hold a vote on Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal, claiming it would turn out poorly for her. When Fox figures didn’t bring up Ocasio-Cortez in these contexts, they resorted to the usual attacks on her intelligence, discussed her relationship with Pelosi, and fearmongered about socialism.

    Carlson claimed that Ocasio-Cortez “blamed the National Rifle Association somehow” for the mosque shootings while he fearmongered about “authoritarian forces within our country” that would like to “invalidate” the Second Amendment. He said that Ocasio-Cortez “doesn’t know” or “doesn’t care” that New Zealand has “far stricter gun laws than in the United States,” before turning to defending the NRA and the Second Amendment, claiming “the left would like to invalidate that amendment, along with other parts of the Bill of Rights that are in their way.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/15/19]

    Hannity referred to Ocasio-Cortez as “the new leader” and the “real speaker in Congress.” He brought up her declining national approval rating, speculating that it’s because of her “radical policies.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/15/19]

    Harris Faulkner called McConnell’s decision to force a vote on the Green New Deal a “baller move.” Outnumbered and Outnumbered Overtime host Harris Faulkner's guest Chris Wilson agreed, adding that Ocasio-Cortez is “learning an important lesson of the policy process” that “you just can't throw out any sort of crazy idea without there being consequences.” He also said the Green New Deal would “essentially destroy the steel industry, destroy the auto industry, [and] destroy the coal industry.” [Fox News, Outnumbered, 3/15/19]

    Earhardt helped fearmonger about socialism, giving her guest the platform to explain why we should “be very afraid of socialism.” Wall Street Journal editor Dan Henninger answered that “you just look at what is happening with the Democratic Party -- suddenly freshman Democrat Ocasio-Cortez has become a superstar.” He characterized her questioning at a House oversight hearing earlier in the week as “beating up on the CEO of Wells Fargo,” and “basically incorporating the private sector into their agenda, saying, ‘We own you; we’re going to tell you what to do.’” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/15/19]

    Weekend (March 16-17)

    Fox & Friends Weekend discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s declining national poll numbers and, referring to the college admissions scandal, claimed that her "ignorance" is a sign of how admissions standards have fallen. Guest Michael Knowles claimed they are “pretty brutal numbers” but conceded that “her net favorables are up among Democrats” and have “remained positive and have basically held” among women and people of color. However, he claimed her numbers are “so brutal overall” because “she has demonstrated her own ignorance,” then he falsely claimed that the Green New Deal would “outlaw trains, planes, and automobiles.” He also said that she has “leaned heavily into racial identity politics.” Co-host Ed Henry brought up Knowles’ Fox News op-ed titled “Ocasio-Cortez’s ignorance proved admissions fraud is the symptom, not the cause of America’s education crisis,” which referred to the college admissions scandal in which wealthy parents illegally bribed their children’s way into college. Knowles connected the scandal to Ocasio-Cortez, commenting on “how the standards have fallen so much that Ocasio-Cortez could have a degree with honors in economics … and not be able to articulate basic economic concepts.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends Weekend, 3/16/19]

    Howard Kurtz also discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s declining poll numbers and admitted “conservative media love to cover and criticize her … often on policy, sometimes personal.” He also pointed out that Ocasio-Cortez referred to Fox as “AOC TMZ,” hitting back that her low approval rating among Republicans “can’t all be Fox’s fault.” [Fox News, MediaBuzz, 3/17/19]

    Week 4

    March 18

    Fox discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s new approval rating. On Monday, Fox’s primary attack focused a new poll showing national voters’ approval rating of Ocasio-Cortez. Though her approval rating is relatively low, that “over 70% of the public can form an opinion of a freshman member of Congress is statistically remarkable.” As pointed out by CNN, “just 53% of Americans had an opinion of then-Illinois Sen. Barack Obama at the end of his first two years in Congress.” Still, Fox used the new poll numbers to smear Ocasio-Cortez. Fox also continued to use Ocasio-Cortez to fearmonger about socialism.

    Lou Dobbs attacked Ocasio-Cortez for joking about a "boring" hearing, saying she was "dealing with her apathy by doing pushups over a recess." Dobbs hosted the Washington Examiner’s Byron York to discuss Ocasio-Cortez’s performance during the hearing. Dobbs observed that Ocasio-Cortez can “commit every gaffe, every preposterous construct known to the language seemingly, and still get more ink. We are really committed to her, aren’t we.” York speculated that “a number of Democrats on Capitol Hill are at the least irritated by the idea that is being put out that Rashida Tlaib, Ilhan Omar, and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez are kind of the whole new freshman class when Democrats did pick up dozens and dozens of seats in this last election.” [Fox Business, Lou Dobbs Tonight, 3/18/19]

    In a segment fearmongering about Democratic policies, a Fox & Friends guest claimed Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal would lead to “class warfare.” Tom Del Beccaro, the former chairman of California Republican Party, presented ominous “nine steps to socialism,” painting a picture of the United States transforming into Venezuela if Democratic policies were passed. Del Beccaro tied the United States’ supposed downward spiral to Ocasio-Cortez, asserting, “If we kill off economic growth with AOC's Green New Deal, then you're going to have this class warfare.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/18/19]

    Kennedy panel labeled Ocasio-Cortez "the chief villain” in New York’s failed Amazon deal. Kennedy had a three-minute segment discussing a poll of Ocasio-Cortez’s national approval rating. She began by saying that Ocasio-Cortez has been “dominating news cycles lately, but Americans haven’t warmed up to her.” The panel speculated on the reasons her approval rating might have dropped, including her involvement “as the chief villain” in New York’s failed Amazon deal. Kennedy mocked and mimicked Ocasio-Cortez, saying, “Whenever you take on one of her positions, she says it’s racism and sexism.” [Fox Business, Kennedy, 3/18/19]

    Payne also discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s approval rating, concluding that “it seems like more and more Americans are starting to reject her.” Payne hosted “resident millennial” Allie Beth Stuckey, who pointed to Ocasio-Cortez’s “arrogance” and said that she “doesn’t know very much policy-wise.” Payne called Ocasio-Cortez “something of a bull in a China shop within her own party” and claimed that “many are saying she’s the de facto speaker of the House,” a sentiment expressed by many figures on Fox News and Fox Business. [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/18/19]

    March 19

    Fox continued to mock Ocasio-Cortez’s polling numbers to discredit her. On Tuesday, Fox continued to revel in Ocasio-Cortez’s low polling numbers. Fox figures also repeated tired attacks on socialism and the Green New Deal and mocked Ocasio-Cortez’s intelligence.

    Joe DiGenova mocked Ocasio-Cortez’s accent, saying she “does that Latina thing.” Laura Ingraham had asked Joe DiGenova, a Fox regular, if he noticed that when Ocasio-Cortez introduces herself, she takes on an “Obama put-on accent.” [Fox News, Ingraham Angle, 3/19/19]

    Carlson covered Ocasio-Cortez’s poll numbers in a segment that lasted more than seven minutes, calling her “self-involved and dumb.” He mocked Ocasio-Cortez for pointing to Fox News’ relentless coverage of her as impacting her poll numbers. He then provided a sarcastic “litmus test” for his viewers to compare themselves to Ocasio-Cortez. Referring to her February 25 comments on children and climate change, Carlson sarcastically said that someone who still wants children is “probably a white supremacist” according to Ocasio-Cortez. He also pushed the idea that Ocasio-Cortez wants to police how many hamburgers people are allowed to eat. Later, Fox contributor Lisa Boothe claimed, “Most Americans don’t look at cow farts as some sort of imminent problem that’s coming up here.” Carlson finished the segment by saying, “She’d be an interesting person if she wasn’t just so self-involved and dumb.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/19/18]

    March 20

    Fox continued hyping alleged ethics violations involving Ocasio-Cortez’s chief of staff, dubiously citing right-wing media reports to claim that they led to the Justice Democrats PAC removing them both from its board. After various right-wing media sites reported on a regulatory filing noting that Ocasio-Cortez and her chief of staff were removed from the Justice Democrats PAC board, Fox News claimed that their removal from the board was related to the alleged ethics violations against her chief of staff. In fact, both left in 2018. Fox used this story to promote the narrative that Ocasio-Cortez is an elitist and a hypocrite for claiming to be a self-made politician. Fox also continued to use old attacks, including overhyping divisions between her and Pelosi.

    Payne criticized Ocasio-Cortez because “her whole thing is, ‘I made this off of YouTube videos and … knocking door-to-door.’” He added, “They were engaged in the very things that she says she stands against.” [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/20/19]

    Hannity berated Ocasio-Cortez for being hypocritical, claiming that she “loves to take planes instead of the train … despite her calls to abolish air travel.” He also lied that “the left” is calling for “no planes, cows, cars, oil, or gas.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/20/19]

    Jedediah Bila had Campus Reform’s Cabot Phillips on to share footage of Georgetown University students claiming Ocasio-Cortez is “the face of the Democratic Party.” The segment was introduced with a graphic that had photos of Pelosi and Ocasio-Cortez and read “Who’s the boss?” Every student who was shown in the clip answered Ocasio-Cortez, which Phillips used to argue younger people on college campuses “overwhelmingly” see Ocasio-Cortez as in charge of the Democratic Party. After discussing Phillips’ campus interviews, Bila and Phillips turned to discussing Ocasio-Cortez’s polling numbers. [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/20/19]

    On Fox News @ Night, host Shannon Bream highlighted only Ocasio-Cortez’s opinion when discussing gun control legislation in New Zealand. Bream did not share any other Democratic or Republican member of Congress’ opinion. [Fox News, Fox News @ Night, 3/20/19]

    March 21

    Fox continued to attack Ocasio-Cortez’s ideas and hearing questioning, as well as a new Time magazine cover story featuring her. Fox’s Ocasio-Cortez attacks focused on smearing her as radical, questioning her merit for being featured on a Time cover, and discussing her lines of questioning at recent high-profile congressional hearings, which a Fox figure admitted were impressive.

    Mike Huckabee called Ocasio-Cortez a "Manchurian candidate” based on her questionings in high-profile congressional hearings. Kilmeade said that “somebody’s writing her questions” and “there is some forces behind her,” implying that she couldn’t have done it by herself. Huckabee commented, “It's amazing how big a deal she has become, to be a 29-year-old with no major accomplishments to her credit other than making some really bizarre policy pronouncements.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/21/19]

    Bartiromo and her panel discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s Time cover, with guest Mark Penn commenting that a “Time magazine cover isn’t what it used to be.” He added, “She’s become the de facto leader of the Democratic Party right now and that’s a problem.” Dagen McDowell said, “Nancy Pelosi most certainly, probably is irate over that notion.” McDowell also said that Ocasio-Cortez “constantly says things that are just idiotic and very often untrue.” The segment about Ocasio-Cortez lasted almost six minutes. [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 3/21/19]

    An America’s Newsroom panel discussed Ocasio-Cortez being featured in a Republican attack ad, where a congressional GOP candidate says, “She has the media, she has the followers, but bless her heart, she has some terrible ideas.” Co-anchor Sandra Smith observed that “less than three months after taking office and there she is, already starring in a congressional GOP ad.” Fox contributor Guy Benson pointed out that “AOC is underwater by double digits nationally” because “she has underdeveloped, economically ruinous ideas, and the media has amplified her and made her into a giant star.” Another guest, Brian Brenberg, elaborated that “she has got all these problems” and it’s “easy to use her as a punching bag,” but conceded that “the GOP needs its own ideas.” The panel also discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s Time cover, which Benson used to claim, “She’s not a right-wing phenomenon; the media has built her.” [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/21/19]

    March 22

    Ahead of the AIPAC conference, Fox blamed Ocasio-Cortez and Omar for pressuring Democrats not to attend. Fox used the American Israel Public Affairs Committee’s weekend conference to push the narrative that anti-Semitism is rising in the Democratic Party. Fox also accused Ocasio-Cortez and Ilhan Omar of being the reason that several 2020 Democratic presidential candidates decided not to go, despite a prominent call to boycott the conference in solidarity with Palestinian sovereignty. Additionally, Fox continued to smear Ocasio-Cortez’s policies ahead of a planned Green New Deal vote in the Senate.

    Payne: The Green New Deal is a smoke screen” for “a socialist agenda.” Payne referred to the Green New Deal as “mumble jumble" and argued that aggressive climate action by the United States isn’t worth it because China and India are still large sources of pollution. [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/22/19]

    On America’s Newsroom, guest A.B. Stoddard claimed that Democrats skipping AIPAC are “letting Rashida Tlaib and AOC and Ilhan Omar determine the debate of Democrats and Israel.” [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/22/19]

    Jedediah Bila attacked Ocasio-Cortez’s comments in Time magazine that people her age “never saw American prosperity.” Bila suggested that Ocasio-Cortez is inadvertently criticizing Obama, while Ed Henry claimed that her family’s ability to move from the Bronx in New York to a wealthier county proves she benefitted from prosperity. Varney again commented on the Green New Deal, saying that it was “not good for America.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/22/19]

    Weekend (March 23-24)

    Ben Shapiro called the suggestion in Ocasio-Cortez' Time profile that millennials haven't experienced prosperity "ignorant." On Watters' World, Ben Shapiro said, "The argument of the left has been that America is fundamentally an unfair, terrible place. ... There's this profile of AOC in Time magazine, and the journalist, Charlotte Alter, suggested that millenials have not experienced prosperity. How ignorant do you have to be to believe that statement and then think that the system that has built American prosperity is inherently bad? Unfortunately, that sort of ignorance is prevailing." [Fox News, Watters' World, 3/23/19]

    Bartiromo pushed the false $94 trillion cost estimate for the Green New Deal. On Sunday Morning Futures, Bartiromo asked Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA), "I know that sometimes you vote alongside Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. Does it bother you that the idea that you can get rid of fossil fuels in ten years doesn't make sense and that it would cost upwards of $94 trillion?" [Fox News, Sunday Morning Futures, 3/24/19]

    Week 5

    March 25

    Ahead of McConnell’s Senate vote on the Green New Deal, Fox smeared the deal and Ocasio-Cortez. Fox hosts continued to push the idea that the Green New Deal will cost $93 trillion long after the claim had already been credibly debunked.

    Varney claimed the Green New Deal is an “embarrassment” and that Ocasio-Cortez “is a bubble that will burst on this spike of Green New Deal.” Fox Business host Elizabeth MacDonald said that Ocasio-Cortez is “underestimating the intelligence of the voter” before repeating the debunked $93 trillion figure. Fox’s Ashley Webster added that the deal is a “great gift to the GOP.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/25/19]

    Bartiromo pushed the $93 trillion figure while starting a discussion about the vote on Green New Deal. Fox guest Gianno Caldwell joked that we need to “get one of those seeing eye dogs for the Democrats on this deal because obviously they don’t clearly see the numbers,” pointing to the debunked statistic. McDowell called the Green New Deal “a big ball of you-know-what” and a “pamphlet of idiocy from AOC.” [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 3/25/19]

    Fox Business guest Jonathan Hoenig told Ocasio-Cortez to “put up or shut up” and “get on the record, raise your hand that you are pro-human extinction.” Hoenig added that “the irony of the environmentalists” is that “they love the environment but they hate people.” Guest Gary Kaltbaum noted that he “find[s] it interesting this young lady tweets about wasting time and wasting votes but not wasting $93 trillion of our money.” Host David Asman pointed out that $93 trillion is “more money than the United States government has spent in the entire history of the United States.” Fox guest Jack Hough said that the “lesson to be learnt here for everyone is don’t put your dumb ideas in writing.” [Fox Business, Bulls & Bears, 3/25/19]

    March 26

    Fox celebrated the Senate’s vote on the Green New Deal as Ocasio-Cortez’s defeat. On March 26, the Senate voted on the Green New Deal in a procedural move that Democrats called a “sham” and a ploy to foster an intraparty divide. As ABC News reported, “Democrats want members of the Republican leadership to schedule hearings rather than bringing the legislation straight to the floor for a vote.” The final tally was 0-57; Republicans and a few Democrats voted “nay” and 43 Democrats voted “present” in protest, though many Democrats have said that they “support the framework of the resolution.” Despite this, Fox covered the vote as a political failure for Ocasio-Cortez and continued to smear the Green New Deal.

    Ed Rollins called the Green New Deal an “idiotic bill that the young lady from Queens’ 14th Congressional District” introduced." Fox News political analyst Ed Rollins and host Lou Dobbs also pushed the debunked figure that the Green New Deal would cost $93 trillion. [Fox Business, Lou Dobbs Tonight, 3/26/19]

    Kennedy celebrated the vote, cheering, “Hurray, the Green New Deal is dead” after it “crashed and burned.” Hoenig mocked Ocasio-Cortez for emphasizing the seriousness of climate change and claimed that the Green New Deal is “not pro-environment” but “anti-man.” He berated Ocasio-Cortez and millenials for “this climate change hysteria” and asserted that Ocasio-Cortez’s concerns don’t “bear out in reality” because “the air and water is cleaner than it ever has been before.” [Fox Business, Kennedy, 3/26/19]

    Asman also continued to push the debunked $93 trillion figure, while his guest called the Green New Deal a "war on cows." Fox News contributor Deneen Borelli said that the Senate vote proves that “even the Democrats know the Green New Deal is a sheer disaster,” adding that it would be a “war on cows.” Borelli also said that Democrats are “on the wrong side of everything” and “all of their policies are just absolutely outrageous.” [Fox News, Trish Regan Primetime, 3/26/19]

    March 27

    Fox figures criticized another line of questioning by Ocasio-Cortez during a Senate hearing, where she berated Republicans for claiming the issue of climate change is an “elitist” cause. After Rep. Sean Duffy (R-WI) asserted that addressing climate change is a problem that “sounds great” if you’re a “rich liberal from maybe New York or California,” Ocasio-Cortez argued that climate change will impact the most vulnerable and impoverished American communities. In addition to discussing her line of questioning during the hearing, Fox figures continued to celebrate the Green New Deal’s lack of “yea” votes in the procedural Senate vote.

    Payne accused Ocasio-Cortez of being “very disingenuous” because she is “conflating” the asthma problems in Harlem and Bronx with climate change. In response to Ocasio-Cortez’s line of questioning, Payne pointed to other contributing factors to higher asthma rates and claimed that it “has zero to do with CO2 emissions, per se, or this climate change debate.” He claimed Ocasio-Cortez is “conflating the two” and used higher rates of asthma as “a way of also bringing race into the conversation.” [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/27/19]

    Fox & Friends celebrated the Senate vote against the Green New Deal as a hit on Ocasio-Cortez. Earhardt claimed that the vote went “down in flames” and “fell flat.” The co-hosts also mocked Democratic candidates for suggesting that a comprehensive climate plan is comparable to landing on the moon. [Fox News, Fox & Friends, 3/27/19]

    Carlson mocked Ocasio-Cortez’s comments emphasizing the seriousness of the Green New Deal, claiming, “Nobody is dying from global warming in this country.” He characterized the Green New Deal as a “sham just like the Russia investigation before it and the next sham after it.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/27/19]

    On Fox Business, Trump campaign adviser Madison Gesiotto claimed Ocasio-Cortez’s questioning shows that she is “out of touch with what the people need.” Gesiotto added, “No one wants to drink bad water but that’s not what the Green New Deal was about and she knows better than that.” Varney characterized the Green New Deal as “radical environmental[ism] with socialism thrown over the top.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/27/19]

    March 28

    Fox figures continued to talk about the Senate vote on the Green New Deal and covered Trump’s comments on the proposal. At a rally in Grand Rapids, MI, Trump called the Green New Deal a “$100 trillion government takeover” and the crowd chanted “AOC sucks” during Donald Trump Jr.’s speech.

    Josh Holmes said that Democrats can’t be “particularly intrigued by the idea that [Ocasio-Cortez] is sort of Geppetto with the marionette, telling them what they can and can’t vote on.” Fox regular Josh Holmes, former chief of staff to Mitch McConnell, also claimed that Democrats are “pitted against a progressive base and the rest of America.” [Fox News, America’s Newsroom, 3/28/19]

    On Hannity, Rush Limbaugh said that “it’s absurd” that “anybody can believe this intellectually.” He sarcastically added, “If we’ve only got 12 years, then we better just throw everything out the window and start doing everything we want to do every day because we’re going to be dead in 12 years if we don’t enact their stupid” Green New Deal. He also accused Democrats of “manipulating and misrepresenting their unfortunately sick base” who “wants to hear that we’re going to die; they want to hear the apocalypse is coming.” [Fox News, Hannity, 3/28/19]

    Carlson and Mark Steyn praised Trump’s campaign rally remarks. Steyn commented on the “relish” Trump had at his rally in attacking Ocasio-Cortez and the Green New Deal. He added that Trump’s “riffs on the news” are “actually funnier than late-night talk show hosts.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 3/28/19]

    March 29

    On Friday, Fox continued to celebrate Trump’s comments on Ocasio-Cortez and the Green New Deal he made during his campaign rally. Fox personalities loved the president's comments about Ocasio-Cortez’s policies, particularly his remarks that he “loves campaigning against the Green New Deal.” Fox amplified Trump’s lies about the Green New Deal, including that it means “no more airplanes, no more cows.” Some Fox figures said the Green New Deal will be a strong talking point for Trump going forward during the 2020 campaign.

    Mornings with Maria aired footage from Trump’s rally showing the crowd chanting “AOC sucks.” Bartiromo followed by pointing out that “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's poll numbers are dropping.” McDowell said, “As you know, I love to talk about AOC,” and later pivoted back to Ocasio-Cortez, asserting, “AOC is driving the bus for the Democrats in terms of policy ideas.” Guest James Freeman suggested that support for Ocasio-Cortez stems from “millennials that tend to be more socialistic because they feel like they weren’t bailed out in 2008.” [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 3/29/19]

    On The Five, the panel cheered Trump’s remarks at the rally, while Greg Gutfeld suggested that “‘Green New Deal’ is kind of now replacing his ‘lock her up’” refrain. [Fox News, The Five, 3/29/19]

    Varney: Trump has had a good week “beating up on the Green New Deal.” Varney repeated Trump’s rally claim that “he loves campaigning against it,” adding, “Of course he does. Even Democrats running for the presidency wouldn’t support it when it was up for a vote in the Senate.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 3/29/19]

    Weekend (March 30-31)

    Fox & Friends Weekend co-hosts berated Ocasio-Cortez’s comments regarding the history behind former President Franklin Roosevelt and the 22nd Amendment. During a town hall on MSNBC, Ocasio Cortez noted (correctly) that the 22nd Amendment, which created presidential term limits, was established to prevent Roosevelt from winning reelection. In fact, as explained by the nonpartisan National Constitution Center, the push for the 22nd Amendment was a major issue well before Roosevelt died, and it was a direct reaction to his campaign for a fourth term. However, the co-hosts claimed she was wrong because Roosevelt died two years before the 22nd Amendment was formally approved by Congress. Henry conceded that “she’s right that FDR being in there for consecutive terms in general got this movement going, but to say it prevented him from being reelected is not what happened.” Bila accused Ocasio-Cortez of being “so overconfident because she’s used to not being challenged” and advised her to “take some responsibility.” [Fox News, Fox & Friends Weekend, 3/31/19]

    On The Next Revolution, the panel discussed the Senate’s Green New Deal vote and Ocasio-Cortez’s Time magazine cover. Host Steve Hilton claimed that “she’s basically become the leader of the party” and “there seems to be nothing they can do about it.” Guest Charlie Kirk warned people against not taking Ocasio-Cortez seriously, mischaracterizing her agenda as a “$100 trillion takeover of the American economy.” Kirk also asked, “At what point is their party leadership going to take a stand against her?” [Fox News, The Next Revolution, 3/31/19]

    Week 6

    April 1

    Fox continued to smear Ocasio-Cortez’s Green New Deal town hall, along with her comments about FDR and the origins of the 22nd Amendment. In addition to continuing to attack Ocasio-Cortez over her town hall comments about the 22nd Amendment, Fox News jumped at the opportunity to smear Ocasio-Cortez as lacking intelligence about basic historical events.

    Hannity accused Ocasio-Cortez of “rewriting history.” He added that “you would think … that somebody sworn to uphold and protect the U.S. Constitution would understand the context of the amendments to our U.S. Constitution.” He then pointed to past comments made by Ocasio-Cortez, saying, “Maybe that’s too much to expect.” [Fox News, Hannity, 4/1/19]

    Carlson attacked Ocasio-Cortez as “a 29-year-old former bartender” attempting “to teach you about science” and called her "a moron and nasty and more self-righteous than any televangelist." He claimed, “It’s official: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is a moron and nasty and more self-righteous than any televangelist who ever preached a sermon on cable access. She’s not impressive; she’s awful.” Carlson rhetorically asked, “How does a member of Congress who hasn’t yet turned 30, someone who has never even raised children, get the right to lecture me about morality?” While he conceded that Ocasio-Cortez’s comments on the economy are “basically true,” he added that it “doesn’t mean she is right about anything else.” Carlson concluded that “taking power from the banks and giving it to Ocasio-Cortez” would be putting “an even dumber person in charge.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 4/1/19]

    Asman introduced the segment by characterizing Ocasio-Cortez’s comments as a “big history flub.” Asman explained to his viewers while guest hosting Trish Regan Primetime that “the problem with that, of course, is FDR died in 1945 and the amendment was not until 1947,” appearing to not understand that the campaign for presidential term limits began while Roosevelt was alive and in office. Asman then took a jab at Ocasio-Cortez’s alma mater, saying, “When you think of how many mistakes she makes, … you just wonder how she was educated in Boston University.” Hegseth responded, “She was not educated, David, she was indoctrinated.” The chyron during half of the segment read “Ocasio-Cortez’s hypocrisy exposed.” In a moment of self-awareness, Asman pointed out that “we are focusing on her” even though “she’s not running for president.” [Fox Business, Trish Regan Primetime, 4/1/19; National Constitution Center, 10/5/18]

    Varney calling the town hall “propaganda.” He conceded that the “media loves her, maybe it’s for ratings purposes,” added that “she is very good television,” and concluded, “It is just obvious that the media is biased towards socialism.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 4/1/19]

    April 2

    Fox extensively covered Ocasio-Cortez’s tweet about value of human labor. The tweet pointed out that croissants at LaGuardia airport are $7 a piece, but some people think that a $15 an hour minimum wage “for dedicated human labor” is too high. Fox misrepresented Ocasio-Cortez’s point to imply that she was saying wage prices are connected to pastry costs, even after she explained in a follow-up tweet that “it’s not an argument against the price of a croissant - it’s about the value of human worth.” But guests and hosts continued to distort, misrepresent, and dissect what she meant, using the tweet to conclude that she is ignorant about how the economy works and twisting her words to suggest she is upset over croissant prices.

    On Varney & Co., Varney’s guest Justin Haskins said that her argument is “totally ridiculous” and “the reality is” Ocasio-Cortez and Democrats such as Bernie Sanders “have no idea how markets work or they know how they work and they just don't care.” He added that she wants “to get rid of freedom in the economy so that she and people like her can decide what croissants cost.” Varney claimed Ocasio-Cortez wants “legislative wages.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 4/2/19]

    Bartiromo introduced the “controversy this morning over croissants.” Ignoring Ocasio-Cortez’s point about value of human labor, McDowell asked “why are you flying” when “it’s hard on the planet,” then concluded that croissants are expensive at the airport because of “the government and the port authority” charging high rent prices. [Fox Business, Mornings with Maria, 4/2/19]

    Asman: Ocasio-Cortez is "gearing up for her next battle: pastry prices.” Asman misrepresented her comments on croissants at LaGuardia and minimum wages, saying that she is “gearing up for her next battle: pastry prices.” He also referenced Fox's obsession with Ocasio-Cortez, saying, “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez -- what would a show be without mentioning her name?” [Fox Business, Bulls & Bears, 4/2/19]

    April 3

    Fox hyped report given exclusively to it about an alleged ethics violation against Ocasio-Cortez filed by a conservative attorney who founded the Stop the AOC PAC. The complaint “was given exclusively to Fox News in advance of its filing” by a conservative attorney who founded the Stop the AOC PAC, and it is still unclear if anything illegal actually transpired. Regardless, Fox used the opportunity to attack Ocasio-Cortez as disingenuous and a hypocrite. 

    Carlson talked about allegations facing “the world’s most famous 29-year-old.” Melissa Francis pointed out that her chief of staff is a “tech multimillionaire,” seeming to imply that Ocasio-Cortez is a hypocrite for hiring someone who is wealthy. Francis conceded that she doesn’t “know if it is illegal,” but “the main point is that she was supposed to be about getting money out of politics and about transparency.” Francis finished by saying, “I hate hypocrites.” [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 4/3/19]

    Hannity claimed that Ocasio-Cortez is caught up in “another FEC violation.” He sarcastically added, “So sorry to hear that. Sad.” Minutes later, he introduced the segment by saying, “Villain of the day: Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.” [Fox News, Hannity, 4/3/19]

    Ingraham and Hannity joked about Ocasio-Cortez, with Ingraham saying, “You’re picking on AOC again” and Hannity saying “she’s very sensitive” for responding on Twitter to critics. Ingraham responded, “No, she can’t handle it, but that’s OK. She’s young and they learn, you know, these kids these days.” Hannity suggested that “we need a safe zone … like college kids.” [Fox News, The Ingraham Angle, 4/3/19]

    April 4

    Fox attacked Ocasio-Cortez for saying opponents of climate action won't be able to scrub their records like opponents of civil rights did, and they mocked her for having an unfurnished apartment. In another Instagram livestream video, Ocasio-Cortez is seen on the floor of her unfurnished apartment building furniture and discussing the Green New Deal with her viewers. She urged viewers to consider the impact that climate change will have on their grandchildren and warned that the longevity of the internet means that those opposing climate solutions will not be able to hide their opposition decades from now. To make her point, she referenced to the civil rights movement and said that many people alive today “hide the fact that their families and their grandparents fought against the principles of equal rights in the United States.” She added that she pities climate deniers “for your role in history right now.”

    She also addressed those critical of the honest mistakes she’s made, saying that she is a 29-year-old member of Congress who has time to learn, but at least she bases her decisions on morality, unlike people who push for “deliberate polic[ies] to attack people based on their national origin.” Fox figures took great offense to her comments, suggesting she was comparing the morality of the civil rights movement to the seriousness of climate change and ignoring that her comparison was focused on the opposition to these two movements. Fox also criticized her for still living in an unfurnished apartment, in addition to attacking her intelligence and perceived hypocrisy.

    On Varney & Co., the panel mocked Ocasio-Cortez for having an unfurnished apartment and smeared her as a hypocrite for shopping at Whole Foods. Referring to Ocasio-Cortez’s outspoken criticism of Amazon, Webster pointed out that “there are no low income housing opportunities in her new building down in Washington, D.C. But there is a Whole Foods, which is owned by Amazon.” He added that she’s living “the kind of life she talks out about so much,” again attempting to smear her as a hypocrite. Varney said that his producer was “appalled” by Ocasio-Cortez’s apartment, asking “What is a congresswoman doing in an unfurnished apartment?” MacDonald brought up her recent croissant comments to also accuse Ocasio-Cortez of hypocrisy, asking, “What’s she doing flying a plane if she’s about the Green New Deal? What was she in the airport for?” [Fox Business, Varney & Co., 4/4/19]

    Carlson: "Like a lot of narcissistic children, Ocasio-Cortez doesn’t believe in honest disagreement."  Calrson began his rant by saying, "there’s at least one person who knows even less than your average cable news anchor,” and she’s the “loudest” member of Congress. He complained that she can “wade half-cocked into the country’s most important debates, prove yourself an idiot,” and “move on.” He claimed that 2020 Democratic presidential candidates are “endorsing some new policy that has pretty much zero public support, but sounds like something woke baristas in Brooklyn would be excited about,” referencing Ocasio-Cortez’s background. [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 4/4/19]

    Hannity ranted that Ocasio-Cortez is “hitting really new levels of strange, bizarre.” He gave her a “history lesson” listing prominent Democrats who opposed the civil rights movement, ignoring the historical context of party realignment. He purposefully misrepresented her February 25 comments about some young people’s concerns over having children to paint her as contradictory, saying, “You previously told us we may have to stop having kids altogether, but now we have to be worried about our grandkids.” He sarcastically added, “It appears that just like the unbuilt furniture in her apartment, the congresswoman’s ideas are far from being put together.” He then fearmongered that she has a “real influence” and “Nancy Pelosi’s scared to death of her,” before chiding people who “want to dismiss all of the alarmism and no oil, gas, combustion engine, planes, cows, and everything's free.” He stressed to his viewers that they “need to take it seriously as we expose this radical, socialist agenda for what it is.” Watters chimed in, saying, “Civil rights was a real fight. You can fight climate change with suntan lotion. It’s not that big of a deal.” Watters also attributed the “category-five catastrophe at the border” to Ocasio-Cortez’s “open border policies.” [Fox News, Hannity, 4/4/19;, 8/18/17]

    April 5

    On Friday, Fox lashed out over Ocasio-Cortez' use of social media, including her calling out one of their own contributors, and created a fake controversy surrounding her perceived accent. On April 4, Fox News contributor Lawrence Jones was mocked online for tweeting a picture from the U.S.-Mexico border while wearing a bulletproof vest that appeared to offer very little protection and seemed to be for show -- the vest left vital organs exposed and did not appear to have any armor plates. Ocasio-Cortez tweeted that his vest looked like it is from “Party City” and asserted that “Fox is really out here doing the most on a budget to make the border look more dangerous than it is,” drawing immediate criticism from Fox News.

    Ocasio-Cortez also was accused by right-wing media of using what some perceived as an “accent that she never uses” while speaking to “a room of predominately (sic) black people” at the Rev. Al Sharpton’s National Action Network Conference. Ocasio-Cortez responded on Twitter, writing, “Any kid who grew up in a distinct linguistic culture & had to learn to navigate class enviros at school/work knows what’s up.” In a follow-up tweet, Ocasio-Cortez added, “As much as the right wants to distort & deflect, I am from the Bronx. I act & talk like it, *especially* when I’m fired up and especially when I’m home.” She also said, “It is so hurtful to see how every aspect of my life is weaponized against me, yet somehow asserted as false at the same time.” Some on Fox and in right-wing media still accused Ocasio-Cortez of inauthentically using a “blaccent” to appear more relatable to Black people.

    Ingraham and guest Raymond Arroyo covered Ocasio-Cortez’s “new accent.” Arroyo claimed that “AOC seems like she is trying out this new African-American, Southern-esque accent,” which Ingraham compared to an older speech by Hillary Clinton in which she was accused of faking a Southern accent. Commenting on Ocasio-Cortez’s response, Arroyo said “that doesn’t exactly sound like Queens to me” and added, “Somebody should remind these women all African-Americans are not beneath the Mason-Dixon line.” [Fox News, The Ingraham Angle, 4/5/19]

    Carlson: Ocasio-Cortez “didn’t just come to prostrate herself before Emperor Al. She was also there to test out a brand new accent.” He claimed, “We have played a lot of clips of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. She didn’t talk like that in a single one of them. That’s fake.” Later in his show, his guest Dan Bongino asked “what is with Democrats and constantly changing how they talk” and urged Ocasio-Cortez to “be genuine.” Carlson asked “how patronized” Bongino would feel had he been there, and Bongino responded by drawing another comparison between Ocasio-Cortez and Clinton. [Fox News, Tucker Carlson Tonight, 4/5/19]

    Trish Regan asked former acting ICE Director Tom Homan about Jones being “trolled by the likes of Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez who was online making all kinds of fun of him for wearing a vest.” Homan responded to Fox Business anchor Trish Regan by arguing that the border is “dangerous” and “that's why Border Patrol agents, ICE agents carry guns and wear bulletproof vests.” He said that Ocasio-Cortez “needs to look in the mirror” because she is a hypocrite for working on Capitol Hill with “hundreds of armed officers.” He also said that Ocasio-Cortez has been “a congresswoman for three months and everything she says is wrong,” adding that “she needs to educate herself” and “people have died defending this nation on that border.” Regan agreed that “she’s young, inexperienced, and not that smart” and said she has “a very big mouth.” [Fox Business, Trish Regan Primetime, 4/5/19]

    Varney discussed Ocasio-Cortez’s use of social media with Fox Nation host Tomi Lahren, who said Ocasio-Cortez was "better suited" for reality TV. Though she admitted that Ocasio-Cortez is media savvy, Lahren complained that “the policy is not there. The logic isn’t there. The common sense is not there, and the education really isn’t there.” Lahren added that she would “rather [Ocasio-Cortez] become an Instagram personality than represent anyone in Congress,” suggesting that she’d be “better suited” for reality television such as “The Bachelorette” or “The Real Housewives of somewhere.” [Fox Business, Varney & Co. 4/5/19]

    Weekend (April 6-7)

    Watters called Ocasio-Cortez a "scam artist" while his guest called her "morally bankrupt." The chyron displayed during the segment read, “Is AOC losing it?” Lynette Hardaway, also known as Diamond, asserted that Ocasio-Cortez “has to be morally bankrupt” to push for the “green new scam.” She also chided Ocasio-Cortez for wanting to “bankrupt our country and then you want to fearmonger and you want to bully us into going on. … We say no to the Green New Deal.” Silk, also known as Rochelle Richardson, added that “we also say no to dying in 12 years.” Watters concluded by comparing Ocasio-Cortez to a “scam artist.” [Fox News, Watters’ World, 4/6/19]

    Pirro referred to Ocasio-Cortez as a “young bartender” again falsely claiming the Green New Deal would cost $93 trillion and ban planes and hamburgers. Pirro misrepresented her climate agenda, falsely claiming that “you can’t fly in an airplane” and “you can’t eat a hamburger because the cows are passing too much gas,” adding, “The whole thing is absurd.” Guest Stephanie Hamill complained about criticism of Trump’s remarks by saying that everyone has “a big fit over anything President Trump says,” even though that is frequently how Fox covers Ocasio-Cortez. Hamill also falsely claimed the “green new scam” would cost $93 trillion and require “no cows, no planes.” [Fox News, Justice with Judge Jeanine, 4/7/19]

    MethodologyMedia Matters searched Grabien transcripts for "AOC" and "Ocasio" between February 25 and April 7.

  • Fox News tried to quietly pull Jeanine Pirro's show from its weekly Saturday night slot. It didn’t work.


    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    On March 16, Fox News pulled Jeanine Pirro's Justice with Judge Jeanine from its weekly Saturday night slot after a week of outrage over her anti-Muslim rant against a sitting congresswoman. The next morning, President Donald Trump lashed out in a series of tweets, demanding Fox “Bring back @JudgeJeanine Pirro” and “fight for our Country.” The entire sequence of events highlights an important reality for advertisers: Fox News is bad for business.

    During her March 9 show, Pirro suggested that Rep. Ilhan Omar's (D-MN) hijab was "indicative of her adherence to sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution.” This outright bigotry prompted widespread outrage. A day later, Fox finally addressed it, saying that "we strongly condemn" Pirro's remarks and that the network "addressed the matter with her directly." Fox's statement was accompanied by a separate statement from Pirro in which she neither apologized nor showed any remorse for what she said.

    Fox replaced Pirro’s show with a documentary rerun on March 16. Jesse Watters, whose show airs before Pirro's, did not mention her at all; normally he notes that her show follows his. The president appeared to be upset at missing one of his favorite TV programs, tweeting the next morning demands that “Fox must stay strong and fight back with vigor” and “Keep fighting for Tucker, and fight hard for @JudgeJeanine.”

    There are four fundamental truths at play here. First, Fox News is under a lot of pressure following advertiser losses as a result of the network's malfeasance and bigotry. Second, Fox News is a propaganda machine for the president, with the two entities now essentially merged. Third, Pirro's show (and, for that matter, Tucker Carlson’s) is fundamentally bigoted to its core; she can never meaningfully distance herself from anti-Muslim statements since she's been spewing rhetoric like this for years. And fourth, the Fox News audience wants the bigoted and anti-Muslim statements. They've been fed this for years, and now expect no less. That's why you've seen people like Sebastian Gorka loudly defend Pirro this week.

    In terms of any discipline for Pirro, Fox News kept mum for several days on the matter; CNN's Brian Stelter is now reporting, per one source, that Pirro has been suspended for two weeks. But Fox executives' instinctive secrecy just shows how afraid they are of their network’s audience: If Fox News were a real news organization, then at a minimum it would say on air that Pirro's remarks were unacceptable and communicate what it is doing to its audience.

    Instead of doing any of that, Fox News wants to send one message to its hard-right audience and an entirely different message to its advertisers. They are welcome to try, but the Fox audience will never abet any meaningful move away from bigotry, and the rest of the public (and advertisers) don't have to play along. These are the tactics of a propaganda outlet, not a news organization.

    Update (3/17/19): Fox News media analyst Howard Kurtz noted Pirro's absense on his March 17 show, but did not confirm the suspension. According to Kurtz, "Without some public explanation of why the show was pulled, It certainly looks like a suspension."

    This post has been adapted from Media Matters' weekly email. You can subscribe here.
  • Even Fox News wants to distance itself from Fox News

    Blog ››› ››› MATT GERTZ

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    Fox News has a rebuttal for those who point out the network’s long history of bigoted commentary: That was all in the past.

    “Fox News has repeatedly pushed anti-Muslim conspiracy theories, hosted numerous Islamophobic personalities and consistently weaved in blatant hate and bigotry in its coverage of Muslims,” writes HuffPost’s Rowaida Abdelaziz in a lengthy report documenting numerous examples from across the right-wing network’s programming. She provides this response from the network: “A Fox News representative told HuffPost that these instances occurred under old management.”

    Fox’s public relations team would very much like to establish Suzanne Scott, who became the network's CEO in May of 2018, as a real break with its past. That’s a difficult undertaking in the best of circumstances because Scott was a key player in the “old management.” Scott has been with the network since it was founded in 1996, and before being promoted to the top slot she had supervised the network’s “daytime and primetime opinion shows” since August 2016.

    In the year leading up to Scott’s appointment as CEO, volatile and bigoted commentary on Fox’s leading programs (which Scott had supervised) triggered advertiser boycotts.

    After she became the network’s chief, Fox responded with a PR offensive that portrayed her as “crack[ing] down on inflammatory statements” by urging the network’s producers to “head off any inappropriate remarks.”

    To the extent that such an effort was sincere, it has obviously failed, as unhinged and offensive comments continue to flow unabated throughout the network’s programming.

    Part of the reason for this is that Fox enforces “standards” only when media attention forces its hand, and punishments are imposed based strictly on the network’s hierarchy. As The Washington Post noted, “Fox has apologized for a number of disparaging comments made by contributors and guests over the past year, though not for its prime-time lineup of stars.”

    For low-level offenders who are caught saying horrific things, the network may suspend or cut ties. When middle-tier commentators are caught saying horrific things, they will sometimes be publicly chastised. And when members of its upper echelon of talent are caught saying horrific things, the network is unwavering in standing by them.

    We know this because we are watching it happen right now.

    Fox’s “new management” is standing by prime-time host Tucker Carlson as more advertisers flee his program after Media Matters unearthed audio clips of misogynistic and racist comments he previously made on a shock jock’s radio show.

    And it was the “new management” that was responsible for the segment that prompted Abdelaziz’s HuffPost article.

    That segment aired on Saturday night, when host Jeanine Pirro opened her show with a monologue in which she pointed out that Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) wears a hijab and asked, "Is her adherence to this Islamic doctrine indicative of her adherence to Sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution?” Pirro’s remarks, which were consistent with her record of anti-Muslim bigotry, triggered a firestorm of criticism.

    As Abdelaziz explained, comments like Pirro's are not uncommon on Fox's airwaves -- but the network was pressured to take action given the massive attention Pirro's outburst garnered. Pirro is part of the middle tier of Fox’s hierarchy, hosting her own show but in a less prominent weekend slot than the prime-time offerings. Fox’s response clearly took that into account: the network issued a statement criticizing her, but Pirro did not apologize, and there’s been no indication of any further punishment. A Fox guest might have been banned from the network for such a comment, and a low-level contributor could have been fired, while a prime-time host would likely have escaped entirely unscathed.

    The Post provides another hint at what’s behind the network’s unyielding support for its stars. Last year, prime-time host Laura Ingraham apologized after mocking David Hogg, the then-17-year-old gun violence prevention activist and survival of the Parkland massacre. Per the Post, “That apology apparently elicited an internal rebuke from Rupert Murdoch, Fox’s co-founder and chairman, who warned against the dangers of appearing weak in the face of negative public sentiment, according to people familiar with the episode.”

    Murdoch is the oldest management of them all. And if he’s enforcing the standard that Fox can’t hold its stars accountable for their misdeeds, there’s nothing Scott or anyone else at the network can do about it. At that point, only the network’s advertisers can force Fox to change.

  • Jeanine Pirro’s history of anti-Muslim attacks 

    Blog ››› ››› GRACE BENNETT

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    During her March 9 show, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro suggested to viewers that Rep. Ilhan Omar’s (D-MN) hijab was "indicative of her adherence to sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution." Amid widespread criticism of her hateful remarks, Fox News responded that the network “strongly condemn[s] Jeanine Pirro's comments,” but took no further public action. Pirro herself claimed that her “intention was to ask a question and start a debate" and that “of course because one is Muslim does not mean you don’t support the Constitution.” But this isn’t the first time Pirro has made hateful and extremist comments about Muslims while appearing on Fox News.

    Here are some of Pirro’s prior attacks on Muslims:

    Just last month, Pirro suggested that Omar should be grateful to be in the United States because “she is an empowered Muslim woman, while many Muslim women aren't allowed to be educated and they just started driving.” From the February 16 edition of Fox News' Justice with Judge Jeanine

    JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): And the amazing part is she’s a freshman congresswoman, and I believe she came to the United States as a refugee, and now she’s in our Congress claiming that the Jewish state -- that Israel and Jews are what? Evil?

    PIRRO: Have you heard that anyone who is going to move to remove her from Foreign --

    QANTA AHMED (CONSERVATIVE COLUMNIST): No. And I think this presents a dilemma for the left. Speaker [Nancy] Pelosi, just like American Muslims have a liability in this woman, they have a liability in this congresswoman. She is showing the marriage of left-wing politics in the Democrats with Islamism. Bernie Sanders congratulated her and said he stands with his Muslim brothers and sisters. To me, he stands with Islamists, and they do not distinguish between the two. It's very problematic. The Islamism only succeeds by portraying itself as a victim and left-wing politics thrives on victimization, victim ideology. She's no victim, as you said. She came as an asylum seeker. She's moved to one of the highest offices in the land within 23 years. What other country gives a refugee that opportunity?

    PIRRO: She is an empowered Muslim woman, while many Muslim women aren't allowed to be educated and they just started driving.

    During an unhinged rant in 2015 about “radical Muslim terrorists,” Pirro repeatedly fearmongered about Islam and Muslims. She claimed that “this Islamic cancer metastasizes throughout the world” and argued that Muslims “have conquered us through immigration” and “through interfaith dialogue.” In the same screed, she claimed “there is a reverse crusade in progress” and said that “there will be efforts to limit our First Amendment, our free speech, to comply with Sharia blasphemy laws.” From the January 10, 2015 edition of Fox News' Justice with Judge Jeanine

    JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): We need to kill them. We need to kill them. The radical Muslim terrorists hellbent on killing us. You’re in danger, I’m in danger. We’re at war and this is not going to stop. After this week’s brutal terror attacks in France, hopefully everybody now gets it. And there’s only one group that can stop this war: the Muslims themselves. Our job is to arm those Muslims to the teeth, give them everything they need to take out these Islamic fanatics. Let them do the job. Let them have at it. And as they do, we need to simply look the other way. It is time for this to be over, and stop sending American dollars to any Arab country that does not support this mission. Pakistan at the top of the list. Force Arab nations to choose: They’re either with us or they’re against us. And stop with this nuclear negotiation nonsense. They don’t operate the way we do. You can’t negotiate, you can’t mediate, and you can’t bargain. You can’t even reason with these people.

    Now I’ve been telling you for a year that they’re coming for us. That there is a reverse crusade in progress -- a Christian genocide. Hundreds of thousands of innocents killed in the Middle East. Seven months ago, I said that we need to bomb ISIS, as it began its steamroll through Iraq -- bomb them, bomb them, and bomb them again -- for which I was roundly criticized. Our country’s response to this threat? The FBI destroys tens of thousands of documents deemed offensive to Islam. The CIA removes the word “Islamic” before “terrorist” in those Benghazi talking points. The Fort Hood massacre, the Oklahoma beheading? Both “workplace violence.” Are we morons?

    And as we cower to these Islamic fanatics, our president and former Secretary of State [Hillary] Clinton say they will prosecute the man who made the video, free speech be damned. They call murders accompanied by “Allah akbar,” “workplace violence.” This surender is nothing more than a coward's response to the fear of this fanatical terrorism. And this political correctness will be the death of us. They can kill us but we can’t hurt their feelings? I’m surprised the president hasn’t signed a new executive order that simply says, “Don’t offend Muslims.” And make no mistake -- as sure as I’m talking to you, there will be efforts to limit our First Amendment, our free speech, to comply with Sharia blasphemy laws which call for death to those who slander the Prophet Muhammad.

    Our government’s response to the terror threat is to have an interfaith dialogue to try to understand and empathize with the enemy. And when they want to shut us up, they call us Islamophobes. Muslim groups like CAIR and the Nation of Islam have been integrated into our society, Muslims invited to worship at our National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. We’re directed by a political correctness that is so bizarre, so disconnected from reality that it does nothing but assist our enemy in our own destruction. They have conquered us through immigration, they have conquered us through interfaith dialogue, and they have conquered us by co-opting our leaders into a position of embarrassment.

    As this Islamic cancer metastasizes throughout the world -- Boko Haram in Nigeria, al-Shabab in Somalia, Ansar al-Sharia in Libya, Al Qaeda, ISIS -- and as it goes through Europe, it is headed our way.

    "Stop defending Islam, start protecting Americans": After Obama noted violence carried out in the name of religion isn't limited to Islam, Pirro furiously listed off violent attacks by Muslim perpetrators. Pirro cited violent incidents by Muslim perpetrators (while ignoring that right-wing terror was considered the main terrorist threat in the U.S.), asking, “Mr. President, please identify what other violence is being committed against Americans in the name of any other religion -- or is it just a coincidence?”

    JEANINE PIRRO (HOST): Mr. President, what’s most interesting is that with the crusaders you so easily identify them as Christians. Why is it so hard for you to identify today’s jihadi terrorists as Muslim? Throw a rock at Christians, no problem, but never speak of Islamic terrorists. Mr. President, aside from the obvious that was then and this is now, the Quran is interpreted by some as demanding jihad, the taxing or killing of nonbelievers, and a worldwide caliphate. And surprise -- today’s terrorists are beheading, imposing that same jizya tax, and in their march to create an even bigger Islamic State. Stop apologizing and stop pussyfooting around with this language dance. We get it -- not all Muslims are terrorists. It was Egypt, a country of 90 percent Muslim that rose up against the jihadists who were also Muslim.

    Consider this: The first World Trade center attack in 1993 -- by Muslims. The USS Cole bombers were Muslim. The Fort Hood shooter was Muslim. The shoe bomber was Muslim. The underwear bomber was Muslim. The Boston bombers were Muslim. The September 11 hijackers were Muslim. Mr. President, please identify what other violence is being committed against Americans in the name of any other religion -- or is it just coincidence?

    You identify terrible deeds in the name of the Christ. Why not identify terrible deeds in the name of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam? Calling Fort Hood “workplace violence” is a joke. People can’t believe that that’s how you characterize it. But then again, your administration erases words out of reports identifying terrorists as Islamic. Stop defending Islam, start protecting Americans. Stop saying what Islam doesn’t stand for, and start saying what you as our president intend to do about this.

    During a 2016 appearance on Fox’s Hannity, Pirro suggested Middle Eastern refugees were violent and couldn’t assimilate. She said this about Middle Eastern refugees: “We've got these guys beating their wives, you've got domestic violence, you've got them hating gays, and we are bringing them to this country. We think they're going to assimilate. They are not.” She also agreed with host Sean Hannity that “this is a clash of cultures.” From the September 20, 2016 edition of Fox News' Hannity

    SEAN HANNITY (HOST): I honestly think that the issue of not saying "radical Islam," Jay -- and there's such a difference between Hillary and Donald Trump -- the issue of vetting refugees and allowing people that come from cultures that clash -- directly clash with our Constitution, that Americans fundamentally understand that we have to know if they're coming here to become American and assimilate or do they want to proselytize and bring their value system, which is the opposite of ours, with them?

    JEANINE PIRRO: It is insane. It's insanity. But when we've got these guys beating their wives, you've got domestic violence, you've got them hating gays, and we are bringing them to this country. We think they're going to assimilate. They are not. And what we've got to do, they've got to move their citizenship --

    HANNITY: This is a clash of cultures.

    PIRRO: Exactly.

    During another appearance on Hannity, Pirro claimed the United States needs to know if refugees or immigrants “believe in Sharia law,” arguing that if they do, “that means it is inconsistent with the Constitution. You do not believe in free speech, you do not believe in women's rights, you do not believe in gay rights.” From the May 24, 2017 edition of Fox News' Hannity

    SEAN HANNITY (HOST): How is it that if somebody comes from a country with what I call a clash of cultures -- where they literally believe men should tell women how to dress, and men should tell women if they can go on an airplane and travel or leave the house without a male relative, where gays and lesbians are killed, where Christians and Jews are persecuted -- I'm trying to fully and completely understand why, if you come from that country, we need to know -- do you believe that? Do you want to proselytize us or do you want to join our family?

    JEANINE PIRRO: You know, Sean, that is exactly the issue. Do you believe in Sharia law, and if you believe in that, that means it is inconsistent with the Constitution. You do not believe in free speech, you do not believe in women's rights, you do not believe in gay rights. All the things that they would trash you and me for if, God forbid, we didn't believe in those rights, we are willing to allow people that we know are individuals -- actually, we don't know who they are -- to come here, stick to their own rules, and then say, “Gee, if they kill us, well, we have to make sure that nobody commits a crime of hate.” This is hogwash, Sean. And what is happening in the U.K. --

    HANNITY: See, you're xenophobic, you're homophobic, you're a racist.

    PIRRO: I am not.

    HANNITY: Well, that's what the left says.

    PIRRO: I am none of those things.

    HANNITY: Neither am I.

    PIRRO: And I'll tell you why, Sean, and neither are you. The problem is that we expect these people to integrate. And one of the issues is -- and assimilate. One of the issues is they don't want to. And now we've got people in Congress saying because they are de facto segregated from the rest of us that we have to understand that they’re angry with us. We let them in the country.

    In 2016, Pirro argued that “we’ve got to start having a conversation about surveillance in mosques” and said she agreed with former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich that the United States should “test every person here who is of a Muslim background, and if they believe in Sharia, they should be deported.” From the July 15, 2016 edition of Fox News' Fox & Friends

    JEANINE PIRRO: I agree with [Newt Gingrich]. I totally agree with him. We have a president who is an apologist. Look, I'm an amateur and in June of 2014 when I first heard about ISIS, I said bomb them, bomb them, and then bomb them again. I took some heat, but I was right. They were the JV team then. If we had done something, if this president would stop apologizing for what we do, what we are, and stop saying, “You Christians, it's your turn,” as he did at a prayer breakfast, then maybe America would be united in a way where we understand that they're coming. They're here, we're next. I've got to tell you I'm as aggravated as everyone who sat in this chair today. If we've got people standing in the blood of innocent victims when they go for an innocent celebration, then we've got to recognize that we've got a problem at the top of this country.

    Our president didn’t want to support [Egyptian President Abdel Fattah] el-Sisi. Thirty-five million Egyptians stood up and said, "We don't want the Muslim Brotherhood. We are Muslims, we don't want the Muslim Brotherhood." And this president would prefer to give tanks and airplanes to [former Egyptian President Mohamed] Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, forget that. Right now, they are here, they're going to kill us. Women, children, it doesn't matter. We have got to declare war on them. We've got to start having a conversation about surveillance in mosques. We've got to make sure that in the jails these imams are going in and radicalizing people, they just want to kill us. I mean, how dumb are we? And Newt is right. We're sheep saying, “Why are the wolves killing us?” Or, “Be nice to the wolves, not all wolves are bad.” Baloney!

    While guest hosting on Hannity, Pirro asked an imam if “Muslims here in America need to speak out more to try to prevent [terrorist] attacks from happening?” and then cut him off and told another guest that “the Muslim community is not coming forward.” From the December 27, 2016 edition of Fox News' Hannity

    JEANINE PIRRO (GUEST HOST): That was President-elect [Donald Trump] during his recent thank you tour vowing to fight radical Islam. After the latest terror attack in Europe and the radical Islamist threat growing around the world, do Muslims here in America need to speak out more to help to try to prevent these attacks from happening?

    PIRRO: We have got this Islamic threat. You don't deny that?

    IMAM MOHAMMAD ALI ELAHI: Well, judge, before I start --

    PIRRO: That's a yes or no. Let’s start with a premise, there is an Islamic threat facing the United States, correct? Yes or no?

    ELAHI: Well, let me answer this way. First of all --

    PIRRO: No.

    ELAHI: I'm going to answer your question. But let me first of all say, I mean, to the Pope Francis prayer for peace in Christmas ceremony --

    PIRRO: I'm happy for the Pope.

    ELAHI: Peace for Syria, peace for Yemen, peace for Iraq, peace for Holy Land, for Africa. And also peace for America, an America free of racism and hatred and intimidation and violence and crimes, and everything.

    PIRRO: What’s your point?

    ELAHI: My point is that first of all the expression of “Islamic radical” is kind of hijacking the identity of the Muslims.

    PIRRO: OK, all right, you don't like the term. You don't like the term.

    ELAHI: It is like somebody --

    PIRRO: Can I ask you a question? Who is responsible for the World Trade Center? Who is responsible for San Bernardino? Orlando? Paris? All right, Imam, you know what, you got all your time.

    PIRRO: Brigitte, the Muslim community is not coming forward. So Imam, I'm going to give you another chance, I'm going to give you another chance. Otherwise we're going to finish totally with Brigitte. All right, here is the chance. Should the family of the San Bernardino attackers, who saw the weapons, who saw all of the instruments that they used, should they have said something and why didn’t they?

    In 2017, Pirro claimed that President Donald Trump’s Muslim ban is targeted at “Joe Schmo Muhammad,” who is from a country where “they promised to send in individuals and jihadists to kill us.” From the February 10 edition of Fox News' Fox & Friends:

    JEANINE PIRRO: This is -- and let me make one thing perfectly clear: If you are not a citizen of the United States of America, you do not have the right to come to the United States, period, end of the story. The president has a plenary authority, the power to determine who comes into this country. And all this talk about constitutional rights -- if you are from Somalia, I got a news flash, you do not have constitutional rights in this country. And Congress has agreed with the plenary power authority of the president in terms of national security and immigration with, what is it, 8 U.S.C., what is it, 1182-F. When they said that the president at any time can make a decision to block an alien from coming to this country. So it's not about people with green cards. It's about Joe Schmo Muhammad, who doesn't have any vetting from another country that -- where they promised to send in individuals and jihadists to kill us.

  • Fox's week from hell

    The network hopes advertising executives have been ignoring the headlines

    Blog ››› ››› MATT GERTZ

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    Madison Avenue advertising executives are scheduled to visit Fox News’ studio on Wednesday for an event unique in the right-wing network’s history: an emergency pitch to major media buyers that they should not abandon the network. It’s been a brutal few years for Fox’s advertiser relations, as numerous blue-chip companies have pulled their ads from the programs of star hosts Tucker Carlson, Sean Hannity, and Laura Ingraham in light of their bigoted and unhinged commentary. Fox’s executives have responded by trying to stem these losses with a public relations effort refocusing attention on the network’s “news” side anchors like Chris Wallace and Bret Baier, whom they argue are adept journalists. This week’s sit-down will make that case to the advertising industry, with Fox arguing that its controversies are behind it and media buyers shouldn't be afraid to advertise on the network, particularly on Fox's "news" programs.

    This argument is deeply flawed. Fox's business model is built around its vitriolic right-wing hosts, who use rage and fear to stir up their audience and keep them coming back for more. As long as that is the case, the network's advertisers will find themselves in the center of a constant stream of controversies whenever the extremism and bigotry of Fox stars become apparent to anyone outside of their viewers. And Fox can't cordon off its "news" side from its "opinion" stars -- the former play a key role in bolstering the propaganda machine built around the latter.

    Given that Fox is asking the advertising industry to kindly ignore the bile coming out of the mouths of the network’s most famous personalities, Fox's executives were likely hoping for at least a quiet PR week leading into the meeting to help them make their case. It hasn’t worked out that way. Instead, Fox has suffered the week from hell, with its propaganda and bigotry triggering an escalating series of brutal headlines that lay bare the rot at the heart of the network. And the network’s fumbling efforts to staunch its nightmarish, self-inflicted wounds only make the situation worse.

    The week began with an 11,000-word reported piece in the nation’s pre-eminent news magazine by one of its most celebrated reporters detailing the network’s effective merger with President Donald Trump’s White House and its emergence as a “state TV” apparatus supporting his administration. Jane Mayer’s New Yorker piece wedded damning new details of journalistic malfeasance to first-rate storytelling, providing readers with a horrifying picture of Fox operations diametrically opposed to the one that the network’s executives try to paint.

    Mayer’s story had legs. For several days, the story was a major topic of debate throughout the media. On Thursday, Democratic National Committee Chairman Tom Perez cited it in announcing that the party would not partner with Fox for a presidential primary debate, preventing Fox executives from being able to crow that its “news” side is considered as credible as any other, rather than an essential cog in a corrupt machine. By Saturday, CNN President Jeff Zucker was openly describing Fox as “propaganda” and arguing that its journalists “work at a place that has done tremendous damage to this country.”

    In its effort to shape Mayer’s story and its response to criticism following the article’s publication, Fox’s PR team sought to focus attention on the efforts of its news side. After the DNC severely damaged that argument by rejecting the network’s pitch for a primary debate, some of those very same news-side personalities went on the attack, accusing critics of “Fox derangement syndrome.”

    The weekend brought no respite for Fox.

    On Saturday night, Fox host Jeanine Pirro responded to the controversy surrounding Rep. Ilhan Omar’s (D-MN) use of anti-Semitic tropes with a monologue steeped in unhinged Islamophobic bigotry. Pirro suggested that Omar’s comments were rooted in her identity as a practicing Muslim. “Think about it: Omar wears a hijab," Pirro said. "Is her adherence to this Islamic doctrine indicative of her adherence to Sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution?” Pirro’s remarks triggered an immediate outcry, with commentators on the right and left pointing out that they were disgraceful and un-American.

    More than 24 hours later, Fox finally responded, issuing a statement with no name attached saying that the network “strongly condemn[s]” the comments and that “we have addressed the matter with [Pirro] directly.” The network has repeatedly used the “addressed the matter” construction over the years when trying to make problematic stories go away. Fox made no mention of any other sanctions against its host, and if she received any sort of stern talking-to, it obviously had no effect, as Fox’s release also included a statement from Pirro in which she did not apologize, express remorse, or say that it wouldn’t happen again.

    By the time Fox’s PR team finally got around to acknowledging their Pirro problem, they were already fielding questions about an impending Carlson crisis. On Sunday night, Media Matters released a series of clips featuring the Fox host using sexist, misogynistic, and perverted language about women and young girls -- including defenses of statutory rape -- during regular appearances on a shock jock’s radio show between 2006 and 2011 (Fox hired Carlson in 2009). Carlson’s show hemorrhaged advertisers last year due to his frequent use of white nationalist rhetoric.

    Carlson’s remarks are disgusting. But as The Washington Post’s Erik Wemple points out, Fox can’t express shock over them because they are also entirely consistent with Carlson’s commentary, before and after he joined Fox, on its airwaves and off of them. 

    And so far, Fox is publicly expressing … nothing. The network has not commented at all despite a burgeoning firestorm in response to Carlson’s remarks. So far, the network has let its host speak for himself, allowing Carlson to issue a statement on Sunday night in which he lied about what he did and sneered at the notion that he might “express the usual ritual contrition.” Then on Monday night, he devoted his opening monologue to lashing out at the "outrage machine" of his critics and declaring that "we will never bow to the mob." Perhaps boxing in his employer, he also claimed that "Fox News is behind us" (Wemple subsequently confirmed with Fox PR that was the case). Minutes later, Media Matters released a second set of clips from Carlson's shock jock interviews, these dealing with Carlson's racist commentary, including references to Iraqis as "semiliterate primitive monkeys” who “don’t use toilet paper or forks.”  

    Those are just the major stories that have battered Fox over the last week. Then there are the ones that might cause a PR crisis somewhere else, but are sadly typical for the network: The host who mixes up two Black interviewers; the regular guest who calls for Trump to use the National Guard to break up protests on college campuses; the network personality’s report that she was sexually harassed by Fox founder Roger Ailes; our Fox-obsessed president tweeting misquotes from the network’s programming to burnish his economic record; a host using the language of white nationalists to criticize Democrats about immigration; a former network co-president, still drawing a salary from the network, forced to resign from his job overseeing Trump’s communications.

    Some of these stories were shocking. But if you’ve been paying attention to Fox in recent years, none of them was surprising. Pro-Trump propaganda, anti-Muslim hate, and misogynistic commentary have all been not just tolerated but rewarded by the network for years. And that’s the danger for Fox advertisers and media buyers who recommend placing ads on the network -- they have no plausible deniability whatsoever. A new round of headlines just as bad, about conduct just as deplorable, is always just around the corner.

    What may prove particularly unnerving for advertisers is Fox’s unwillingness to take real action in response to these rolling PR crises. And this shows the connection between the three major stories that hit the network over the past week: Pirro and Carlson are effectively protected by Fox’s status as a pro-Trump propaganda outlet. Fox executives may issue an unsigned statement criticizing Pirro’s remarks, but it’s difficult to imagine them pushing for accountability from a close friend and sometime adviser to a president who watches her show each week. The same goes for Carlson, whose commentary Trump loves and whose show the president often tweets about. And again, this sort of unhinged and extreme rhetoric is what keeps Fox's audience loyal.

    Fox is desperately trying to shore up its relationships with advertisers precisely because of this dynamic. At any other news organization, one could expect this level of vitriol to trigger some type of accountability. But at Fox, with few exceptions that almost always feature low-profile commentators, this simply does not happen.

    And with Fox unwilling to act, activists who hope to actually impact the network’s programming have little recourse except to the network’s advertisers, creating the blowback that Fox’s Wednesday meeting seeks to heal.

  • CPAC 2019 showcased dangerous and extreme anti-abortion rhetoric ahead of the 2020 elections

    Blog ››› ››› JULIE TULBERT

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    At the 2019 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), Republicans and right-wing media figures abandoned any pretense of reality in their description of abortion procedures and instead fabricated increasingly unrealistic and sensationalized scenarios to fearmonger about so-called Democratic “murderers.”

    Though inaccurate anti-choice rhetoric is a staple of conservative commentary, right-wing media have spent the last few weeks in a frenzy -- first claiming that Democrats allegedly want to legalize abortions “up to birth,” and then moving on to the even more sensational claim that Democrats support “murder” during and even after birth. When Republicans and right-wing media figures hit the CPAC stage last week, some on Twitter expressed disbelief that the speakers promoted such obviously inaccurate language. However, the rhetoric on display at CPAC was merely the latest example of conservative and right-wing media figures deploying sensationalized language to fearmonger about abortion.

    Conservative outlets, and Fox News in particular, have been promoting inaccurate and extreme language about abortion for weeks, and President Donald Trump adopted those talking points in his 2019 State of the Union address. Trump and other Republicans are reportedly banking on using anti-abortion extremism to rally voters during the 2020 election -- a strategy that was seemingly tested on the CPAC stage.

    Here’s what Republicans and right-wing media are willfully ignoring about abortions -- particularly those performed later in pregnancy

    Right-wing media’s recent outrage centers on efforts by Democratic lawmakers in several states to ensure access to abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned or to remove unnecessary restrictions on abortion. Republicans seized on these measures to promote myths about abortions that happen later in pregnancy and to advance the inaccurate talking point that there are excessive numbers of so-called “born alive” abortions.

    In an attempt to address the nonexistent instances of abortions “after birth,” Republicans introduced and attempted to force a vote on the Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act -- a bill anti-choice politicians touted as aiding so-called “abortion survivors” who are “born alive” following an attempted abortion procedure. The bill ultimately failed to advance in the Senate, but it is part of a Republican strategy of “bringing back the issue of very late abortions, perhaps in the hope of energizing their base in advance of 2020” with the goal of getting “Democrats on record opposing it.” By forcing a vote on the legislation, Republicans and right-wing media can then spin opposing votes as evidence of Democrats’ supposed “extremism” on abortion rights.

    Similarly, right-wing media’s depictions of abortions happening up to the “moment of birth” do not conform to any medical procedure happening in the U.S. Abortions later in pregnancy are performed for complicated personal and medical reasons, and the people who anti-choice advocates compare to murderers often have to make the difficult decision to end a wanted pregnancy because of a nonviable fetus or due to their own great medical risk. In other instances, people need abortions later in pregnancy due to anti-choice restrictions on earlier access. In either case, if anti-abortion media really wanted to understand the people who have had abortions later in pregnancy, these outlets and commentators could read actual accounts rather than demonizing those individuals and feeding a manufactured right-wing media outrage cycle.

    The idea of abortions after birth or “born alive” abortions is also not based in any medical standard of care or practice, as Rewire.News reported in 2013. As doctors Daniel Grossman and Jennifer Conti pointed out to The New York Times, it is more likely that the Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act would force doctors to pursue treatment options that run counter to patients’ wishes -- such as ensuring that a fetus delivered “at the edge of viability” but unlikely to survive could not receive “comfort care” which would “allow the child to die naturally without extreme attempts at resuscitation.” In addition, as writer Robin Marty explained, the bill could be used opportunistically by anti-choice opponents to prosecute abortion providers.

    Here’s what Republicans and right-wing media figures said at CPAC about abortion

    • Trump: Democrats are embracing “extreme late-term abortion. ... In Virginia, the governor, a Democrat, stated that he would allow babies to be born -- to be born outside, he would wrap them, he would take care of them, then he’ll talk to the mother and the father as to what to be done. And if they didn't want the child, who was now outside of the womb -- long outside of the womb, they will execute the baby after birth. They will execute the baby after birth, and that's one that many people have neber even heard of or thought about. This is a radical agenda by the Democrats.” [YouTube, 3/2/19]

    • Vice President Mike Pence: "With Democrats standing for late-term abortion, infanticide, and a culture of death, I promise you: This president, this party, and this movement will always stand for the unborn. We will always defend the unalienable right to life." [Twitter, 3/1/19]
    • Donald Trump Jr.: “The post-term abortion issue ... anywhere else in the world, at any other point in time" would be “called murder. … This isn't woman's health care. If the baby is born, and it's alive, the woman is no longer at risk.” [Twitter, 3/1/19]
    • Fox News host Laura Ingraham: “Abortions -- about a million a year -- through most of a pregnancy. That’s not enough. Abortion of babies in the womb -- not enough. Now we got to wait to terminate life after birth.” [YouTube, 2/28/19]

    • Former Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker: “By the way, it's not live-birth abortion. It's not infanticide. It is murder if you take the baby home and kill the baby at home, it's murder. The same thing is true at the hospital.” [Twitter, 2/28/19]

    • Turning Point USA’s Candace Owens: “We have a sick and twisted [New York Democratic] Gov. Andrew Cuomo celebrating that you can rip fetuses -- you can rip infants and babies from their mother's wombs at nine months -- nine months. That's absolutely sickening what we're talking about here. And who is that going to impact the most? In New York City, for those of you who don’t know, more Black babies are aborted than born live.” [Periscope, 3/1/19]
    • Concerned Women for America CEO and President Penny Young Nance: "Sometimes the abortionist doesn't get the job done in the womb and a baby is able to survive and when she is born does she deserve life-saving treatment? We say absolutely yes! 44, 'The Dirty 44' said no." Nance’s invocation of the so-called “Dirty 44” was a reference to the 44 senators who voted against advancing the Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act. [CBN News, 2/28/19]
    • Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson: For abortions later in pregnancy, “some people feel that it’s OK to murder that baby. And the level of barbarism that that requires -- I quite frankly don’t know how people can do it, quite frankly. … How many of those mothers end up psychologically damaged? They talk about they’re doing this for the health of the mother -- what about the mother’s mental health that she has to endure for the rest of her life?” [YouTube, 2/28/19]

    • Marjorie Dannenfelser, president of the anti-abortion group Susan B. Anthony List, claimed Democrats want to “extend abortion to the point when a baby -- when a mother is even in labor. In fact, extend that so-called ‘right’ to the baby’s birthday.” She also inaccurately alleged that Democrats’ mantra on abortion is “if you signed up for a dead baby, you’re going to get one, no matter what.” [Twitter, 2/28/19]

    • Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel: “It's not a late-term abortion; it's murder. … We need to speak about it in those terms.” [C-SPAN, 2/28/19]
    • Fox News host Jeanine Pirro, borrowed a talking point from colleague Sean Hannity: “These heathens are so inhumane and uncivilized that they proudly announce … that they allow the baby a ‘comfort zone’ while the mother is deciding whether the baby should live or die with an up or down like the emperor in the Roman Colosseum. … They call it reproductive health; I call it murder.” [YouTube, 3/2/19]

    • Turning Point USA’s Charlie Kirk: “We are not going in the same direction as the Democrat Party. I don’t want to live in a country where it’s OK to execute a newborn child.” [YouTube, 2/28/19]

    There are consequences for this kind of extreme, inaccurate, and vitriolic anti-abortion rhetoric

    Anti-abortion violence and harassment are real and ongoing threats in the United States. Eleven people have died as a result of anti-abortion violence since 1993. Numerous others have been injured, and still more have found themselves and even their families targeted with personalized harassment from abortion opponents -- a trend that has intensified in recent years. According to a report by the National Abortion Federation, rates of anti-abortion clinic protests in 2017 were already at the highest levels seen since the organization began tracking such incidents in 1977, and 2017 included “the first attempted bombing in many years.” In 2018, there were additional incidents of violence or threats against clinics reported in New Jersey, Utah, Texas, Pennsylvania, California, Washington, Massachusetts, and elsewhere.

    This isn’t the first time that right-wing media outlets have helped fan the flames of resentment against abortion providers, patients, and clinics with extremist language. Before an anti-abortion extremist murdered abortion provider Dr. George Tiller in 2009, former Fox News host Bill O’Reilly had openly bullied Tiller on his program numerous times. According to Rolling Stone, “O’Reilly had waged an unflagging war against Tiller that did just about everything short of urging his followers to murder him.” O’Reilly repeatedly called the doctor “Tiller the baby killer” and said there was a “special place in hell for this guy.”

    In 2015, an anti-abortion extremist who killed three and injured nine at a Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado Springs, CO, reportedly offered the phrase “no more baby parts” as an explanation for his actions. His comment seemingly referred to an oft-repeated right-wing media talking point based on deceptive videos from the anti-abortion group Center for Medical Progress. The New Republic reported on the admitted shooter’s penchant for right-wing media such as Fox News and Infowars, saying it shaped his paranoid and conspiratorial views about abortion and Planned Parenthood.

    In 2019, right-wing media’s extreme rhetoric on state measures protecting abortion rights has already sparked to harassment. After a video went viral of Del. Kathy Tran (D) speaking about an abortion measure she sponsored in Virginia, Tran told The Washington Post that “she and her family have received death threats through telephone messages, email and social media, leading to extra police protection for her and her family.” Tran also had to postpone a town hall meeting on February 2 because of “security and safety concerns” in the wake of the outrage ginned up by misrepresentation of her bill. ThinkProgress posted audio of a threatening message about the bill sent to the Democratic Party of Virginia and another clip of a racist tirade against Tran, telling her to “go back to Vietnam.” The state party’s communications director told ThinkProgress that “the party has also had to take additional security precautions” as a result of receiving such threats to its members.

    In February, The Virginian-Pilot reported that a man in Virginia was “charged with threatening to assault a U.S. official” because he allegedly threatened “to punch and shoot U.S. Sen. Mark Warner because of his stances on issues like abortion.” On March 4, another man was charged with arson for trying to burn down an empty Planned Parenthood clinic in Missouri in February. The FBI previously said it is investigating the latter incident as a possible hate crime, but it’s currently unclear whether these two events are linked to the recent extreme anti-abortion rhetoric from right-wing media figures.

    Inaccurate rhetoric about abortion from Republicans and right-wing media is dangerous and could lead to additional harassment and violence. Unfortunately, CPAC shows us it’s not likely to end anytime soon.

    Chenay Arberry contributed research to this article.

  • Fox News dominated prime-time cable coverage of the Green New Deal

    Fox covered the plan far more than CNN and MSNBC, and often failed to even mention climate change

    Blog ››› ››› TED MACDONALD

    From February 7 to February 11, Fox News aired 34 segments on the Green New Deal on its prime-time shows, according to a Media Matters analysis. This was more than triple the combined number of segments aired by its cable news counterparts: MSNBC and CNN aired eight and three segments, respectively. Just 14 of Fox's segments on the Green New Deal mentioned climate change, less than half. By contrast, MSNBC and CNN did a better job of explaining that the Green New Deal is designed to address climate change; MSNBC discussed climate change in five of its eight segments, and CNN discussed it in two of its three segments.

    Fox aired far more prime-time Green New Deal segments than MSNBC or CNN

    From February 7, when Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA) released the Green New Deal resolution, through February 11, Fox News aired 34 segments discussing the Green New Deal on its weekday and weekend prime-time shows airing between 5 p.m. and midnight. February 7 and February 8 saw the most Fox coverage -- the network aired 19 prime-time segments on those two days. Tucker Carlson Tonight and Hannity led the Fox prime-time shows in the number of Green New Deal segments, airing seven and five segments, respectively.

    Across this same time period, MSNBC aired eight prime-time segments on the Green New Deal. Five of these aired on February 7, the day the resolution was introduced, including an interview with Ocasio-Cortez on MTP Daily and an interview with Markey on All In with Chris Hayes.  

    CNN, meanwhile, aired only three Green New Deal segments on its prime-time shows from February 7 to February 11. One segment came on the February 7 episode of Erin Burnett OutFront, which included an interview with Markey. Another segment aired on the February 9 episode of The Van Jones Show, and a third on CNN Newsroom on February 10.

    Most of Fox’s segments on the Green New Deal either ignored climate change or mocked it

    The text of the Green New Deal resolution makes clear that it is intended to fight climate change. Ocasio-Cortez and Markey both emphasized the urgent need to combat the climate crisis at their February 7 press conference unveiling the resolution. And Ocasio-Cortez explained in an interview with NPR earlier that day that the Green New Deal is so ambitious because the climate crisis is such an enormous threat: "Even the solutions that we have considered big and bold are nowhere near the scale of the actual problem that climate change presents to us.”

    But the majority of Fox News segments on the Green New Deal didn't even mention climate change, often ignoring the entire reason that Ocasio-Cortez and Markey had proposed such a sweeping plan in the first place. In contrast, MSNBC and CNN discussed climate change in most of their segments on the Green New Deal.

    Fox News mentioned climate change in just 41 percent of its prime-time segments on the Green New Deal. Out of the 34 segments that Fox aired about the Green New Deal, only 14 included the words "climate" or "global warming." Most segments omitted the reasoning behind the resolution and merely discussed it out of context as an onerous, oppressive policy proposal. Two of the Fox segments that failed to mention climate change instead claimed that the Green New Deal was just a pretext for implementing a radical left-wing agenda -- a theme that was popular in right-wing media even before the resolution was released.

    Even in cases when Fox figures did bring up climate change during a segment on the Green New Deal, they often downplayed the issue. In six of Fox's 13 segments that mentioned climate change, a host or guest made a dismissive or skeptical remark about the problem. For example, the February 7 episode of The Ingraham Angle featured a well-informed guest who discussed the climate challenge, but host Laura Ingraham followed up her comments by saying, "Well, it's pretty cold right now in Minnesota, but that's just a snapshot. I mean it's been a brutal winter.”

    And on the February 7 episode of Hannity, host Sean Hannity simultaneously misstated activists’ claims about climate change and downplayed the climate threat, then made ludicrous claims about how the Green New Deal would bring about the downfall of America: “They claim that the world was going to end in 12 years because of climate change, which is, of course, is not true. Now, green energy, this new deal, will destroy America, our economy as we know it.”

    MSNBC mentioned climate change in more than half of its prime-time Green New Deal segments. Five out of MSNBC’s eight segments on the Green New Deal discussed the plan in the context of climate change, and two of these were the segments that featured interviews with the resolution's co-sponsors, Ocasio-Cortez and Markey. During his appearance on All In with Chris Hayes on February 7, Markey was particularly clear about the need to act now to avoid the worst impacts of climate change:

    SEN. ED MARKEY (D-MA): By the year 2100, we're going to have lost tens of trillions of dollars to the damage which is going to be created by climate change to our country. And a stitch in time will save nine. If we invest now, we'll be able to avoid the worst, most catastrophic consequences. Otherwise the price that’s going to be paid is going to be in the tens of trillions in our country, and that will just be a footnote compared to the rest of the world.

    Another segment on All In with Chris Hayes deserves mention. Hayes described the need for a dramatic response to the climate crisis and explained why right-wing criticism of the Green New Deal is so off-base:

    CHRIS HAYES (HOST): As you watch the continued right-wing caterwauling about the Green New Deal, here's what to keep in mind, particularly as all kinds of denialists and cranks talk about what is and is not serious. The bar for entry into the conversation for seriousness in said conversation is some framework, some proposal to reduce U.S. carbon emissions from human sources by almost half -- 45 percent -- from 2010 levels by 2030. That's 11 years from now. Half of emissions. That's what the international panel on climate change says has to happen globally to avoid the worst effects of climate change. And those effects of climate change, they are happening, and they are getting more visible and more present every day.

    CNN discussed climate change in two of its three prime-time segments about the Green New Deal. While CNN ran fewer segments on the Green New Deal than the other cable news channels, it did a better job of foregrounding climate change in the segments that it did air.

    On the February 7 episode of Erin Burnett OutFront, CNN correspondent Miguel Marquez explained the reasoning of the Green New Deal's backers: "Viewing climate change as an existential threat to the entire world, fire, drought, rising sea levels, increasingly violent storms, famine, and mass migrations is what we face, they warn, if radical change isn't embraced now."

    And on the February 9 episode of The Van Jones Show, host Van Jones explained how Green New Deal supporters see climate change affecting the economy and inequality:

    VAN JONES (HOST): They point out the cost of inaction could mean we don't have a planet to live on. They also point out the program could be paid for by tax hikes on the super wealthy and cutting spending elsewhere. Their goal is not just to reduce carbon emissions but also to stimulate the job market, reduce inequality, and boost the economy in low-income areas that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.

    Fox continues to lie, fearmonger, and relentlessly mock the Green New Deal

    Fox News spread misinformation about the Green New Deal before the resolution was introduced, and it has continued to do so since it was released. Fox has aired a number of segments that lied about what’s in the Green New Deal resolution, tried to paint the resolution as an instance of alleged Democratic extremism, and downplayed the serious need to tackle climate change. One example of this comes from Sean Hannity on the February 11 episode of Hannity.

    SEAN HANNITY (HOST): We'll start with New Jersey Sen. Spartacus, Cory Booker, comparing the Green New Deal to going to the moon and defeating the Nazis. And Booker is talking about Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's bizarre, horrific new piece of legislation. Let's see. That would plan the end of consumption of fossil fuels in 10 years. By the way, the planet is going to die in 12 years. What is the point? And, by the way, and seriously, don't write off Congresswoman Ocasio-Cortez and her grandiose and disastrous plans. She is merely just saying and acting on what Democrats really believe but try and hide from you. Look at all of those Democrats now coming out in support of this, this Green New Deal which calls for no more oil, no more gas, no more fossil fuels of any kind. Not even any nuclear energy. And it doesn't stop there. This bill that would eliminate airplanes, gas-powered automobiles and trucks, gas-powered ovens and stoves. By the way, if you like steak -- no more cows, too much flatulence. They emit CO2 emissions. No more cows. You better load up on the steak and put in a freezer.

    The resolution, of course, does not call for the elimination of airplanes, cows, or nuclear energy -- it doesn't mention these things at all. Hannity misrepresented lines from an informal FAQ document that has since been retracted. But Hannity continued to push these bombastic, false talking points even after it was reported that the FAQ did not represent the actual Green New Deal resolution.

    Another example comes from President Donald Trump himself on this same episode of Hannity. The show aired live footage of Trump speaking at a rally in El Paso, TX, where he said:

    PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: Last week, they introduced a massive government takeover that would destroy our incredible economic gains. They introduced the so-called Green New Deal. It sounds like a high school term paper that got a low mark. It would shut down American energy, which I don't think the people in Texas are going to be happy with that. It would shut down a little thing called air travel. How do you take a train to Europe? You know, this crazy senator from Hawaii. They said, do you like it? Yes, I like it very much. Oh, really, how are we getting to Hawaii on a train? She didn't think about that one, but she's thinking about it. She will figure it out. They want to take away your car, reduce the value of your home, and put millions of Americans out of work, spend $100 trillion -- which, by the way, there's no such thing as a $100 trillion.

    Trump constantly lies, so it is no surprise that he would make false statements about trains to Europe, a $100 trillion price tag, and a Hawaii senator -- and no surprise that Fox would air his comments without correction.

    Another ridiculous example came from frequent Fox talking head Dan Bongino on the February 9 episode of Justice with Judge Jeanine:

    DAN BONGINO: Are there going to be cow assassination squads now? I mean, you are going to have to give your cow Beano to cure up their gastrointestinal issues? To prevent an Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez death squad or something?

    More cow jokes came from right-wing commentator Mark Steyn on the February 7 episode of Tucker Carlson Tonight:

    MARK STEYN: Well, the AOC plan strikingly pledges to get rid of most forms of transportation and, indeed, cows. So you can give up your Chevy Suburban and take your cow to work. The cow actually is more devastating to the environment than the Chevy Suburban. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's document actually says that she is committed to ridding America of flatulent cows and airplanes. I always take a flatulent cow on an airplane as my emotional support animal. It means that 20 minutes out of LAX, you've got the whole first class compartment all to yourself and nobody is in there. But the Europeans actually tried this and they basically -- the Irish were going to impose a tax of 13 euros per cow and the Danes were going to impose a tax of 80 euros per cow because apparently a Danish Holstein is six times as flatulent as an Irish Hereford. So in theory, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is on to something that you could, as the Europeans considered, actually have a flatulence offset regime. Obviously, you would need a secretary of flatulence in the Cabinet that you would actually -- Vermont, for example, has a lot of Holsteins there, the black and white cows that look like the governor of Virginia with only half his makeup on -- and you can take, you could take those, Vermont would be able to trade its flatulence to Washington, D.C., where it could hang like a giant cloud over Congress.

    These examples show that Fox News will go to great lengths to avoid having good-faith discussions about tackling climate change and instead paint any ambitious climate proposal as absurd and a sign of supposed Democratic extremism. That makes it especially unfortunate that Fox is the cable network that's covering the Green New Deal the most on its prime-time shows.


    Media Matters conducted a Nexis and IQ Media search for mentions of "green new deal" in programs that aired on CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC between 5 p.m. and midnight from February 7 to February 11. We then searched within those transcripts for mentions of “climate” or "global warming." We counted any segments that were devoted to the Green New Deal or made substantial mention of it. We did not count teasers, passing mentions, or rebroadcasts.

    Image and chart by Melissa Joskow of Media Matters.

  • Right-wing media used state abortion measures to villainize people who have abortions

    Blog ››› ››› MADELYN WEBB

    Melissa Joskow / Media Matters

    After several states promoted measures protecting abortion access, right-wing media not only spread an immense amount of misinformation about the efforts, but also lashed out at people who have had abortions, stigmatizing and denigrating them for making a personal health care decision. In particular, these outlets and media figures targeted people who have had abortions later in pregnancy -- by suggesting that they are heartless murderers, misrepresenting them as callous and irresponsible, and even calling them “satanic.”

    The bills that instigated this outrage are far from radical: Democratic lawmakers in New York and Virginia were attempting to protect abortion access at the state level, not to legalize “infanticide” -- as some right-wing media alleged. Right-wing media seized on clips of Democratic Virginia lawmakers Rep. Kathy Tran and Gov. Ralph Northan alledgedly describing later abortion procedures, spurring the spread of further hyperbole and misinformation about proactive state abortion protection bills. In reality, these measures would legalize abortions later in pregnancy “when the fetus is not viable or a woman’s health is at risk,” a far cry from right-wing media’s allegations that such procedures (and the people who have or provide them) are “demonic.”

    Here are just some of the examples of right-wing media misrepresenting people who have received abortions, a legal and sometimes necessary medical procedure:

    • Fox News contributors and right-wing internet personalities Diamond and Silk (Lynette Hardaway and Rochelle Richardson) tweeted that Democrats were trying to allow “abortions up to the birth” of a baby (they aren’t) and that this was “murder”: 

    • During the January 31 edition of his radio program, Fox News’ Sean Hannity claimed that people should take advantage of “birth control options” to avoid getting pregnant. He concluded that because of these options, someone who needs an abortion later in pregnancy is irresponsible because they either should have prevented the pregnancy or gotten an abortion “in the first three months.”
    • On Jeanine Pirro’s Fox News program, Justice with Judge Jeanine, political columnist Amy Holmes said, “There are women who kill their kids for selfish reasons."
    • In a series of tweets, Washington Examiner contributor Kimberly Ross attacked people who support access to abortions as "morally weak,” and accused patients who have received them of being “predatory” and of “stand[ing] on the backs of the unborn dead”:

    • During the January 31 edition of Fox News’ The Story with Martha MacCallum, former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee alleged that people who have abortions later in pregnancy are doing so because they think having a child is “going to be an inconvenience.”
    • The Daily Wire’s Ben Shapiro also pushed the narrative that people who have abortions later in pregnancy are doing so callously, saying that people might argue “I’d be healthier if I didn’t have this 9-month-old baby right here that’s about to enter my vaginal canal. Cut its brains out,” and claiming, “That’s what this law now allows.”
    • During President Donald Trump’s State of the Union address, Charlie Kirk, founder of the conservative group Turning Point USA, tweeted that later abortions are “despicable” and that anyone who supports efforts to protect or expand abortion access was endorsing “this savagery”:

    • After New York illuminated One World Trade Center with pink lights to honor the passage of abortion protections, conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh claimed that New York was celebrating “legalized murder, calling it abortion."
    • During his Fox News program, Hannity, host Sean Hannity stated that because several laws that allow later abortion in order to protect the pregnant person’s health don’t further define what’s entailed in protecting health, “If someone says hours before [giving birth], ‘Oh, I'm having emotional second thoughts,’ and a doctor says, ’OK,’ then they're allowed to commit infanticide."
    • On Twitter, Turning Point USA’s Candace Owens said people celebrating state abortion protection measures -- which she said allow “slaughtering babies” -- were “satanic”:

    • During the January 31 edition of Fox News’ Fox News @ Night, actor Kevin Sorbo compared people who have abortions later in pregnancy to Nazis, saying: “You know, there's a group of people about 70 years ago that decided what lives were worth living, what lives were not, and they were called the Nazis.”